Category: Bathroom


Before & After: The Bathroom a Whole-House Renovation Built

Work with what you've got—that's the motto of these intrepid homeowners, who rejiggered the floor plan in order to create a spacious master bathroom with timeless design.

Small Bathroom Makeover

Photo: anurseandanerd.blogspot.com

Husband and wife Michael and Laura Blough bought their home sweet Cape-style home in 2013. Formerly a rental property, it had spent the previous ten years being treated rather roughly, so the house was, according to Laura, “screaming” for update. Rather than revamp one room at a time, the Blough couple stripped the entire interior down to the studs, opting instead to start over from scratch. For the new and improved home design, the Bloughs had several things on their wish list. At the top? Creating a master bedroom suite. Had they stuck with the original layout, the bathroom would have needed to be accessed through the hall. So as part of the renovation, the Bloughs removed or reconfigured walls, closets, and doorways in order to integrate the new bathroom with the new master suite. To say that they were successful would be an understatement. So complete, so jaw-dropping, was the transformation that we just had to learn all the details.

Small Bathroom Makeover - Before

Photo: anurseandanerd.blogspot.com

How would you describe the original bathroom?
When we bought our home, the bathroom looked like most every other room in the house, like it hadn’t been cleaned in a while, or updated ever. It had a squishy floor, loose tiles, a narrow layout and inefficient closets.

Why did you choose to rearrange the layout?
Early on, we decided that we wanted a true master bedroom, with an attached bathroom. The only way to make that happen was to rearrange the floor plan. So the spare bedroom became the master, and the hall bathroom became the master bathroom. To enlarge the bathroom and connect it to our new master bedroom, we had to absorb a lot of closets… but it was worth it.

Small Bathroom Makeover - Layout

Photo: anurseandanerd.blogspot.com

Did you learn anything along the way?
We were 25 years old when we bought this house and started renovating. What did we know about renovating and designing? Not much. But we had great help along the way from highly-skilled family members and a number of professionals. I definitely recommend using your resources, whether they’re family or friends, Pinterest or blogs. And paint your beadboard before it goes up on the wall. Just a little something else I learned.

What was the inspiration for the new look?
I love things that feel timeless. If I am going to put time, energy, and finances into a project, I want to know that I am going to get the most longevity out of it that I can. So I decided white cabinetry and classic tile would be the way to go. When we were house-hunting, we had seen a 1940s house that still has its original black-and-white basketweave mosaic tile. I just absolutely loved it! (If something is over 70 years old and I still love it, that’s what I call a classic.) So I found something similar for our bathroom floor. We also went with clean white subway tiles in the shower. And of course, what’s more timeless than a claw foot tub?

Small Bathroom Makeover - Shower

Photo: anurseandanerd.blogspot.com

Any advice for homeowners attempting a bathroom renovation of their own?
Use your resources—plan, plan, plan—and shop around. We saved over a thousand dollars by shopping around for our fixtures, not buying them all in one place.

Do you now use the space any differently than you did before?
We love having a large shower and a double vanity. When we first got married we were living in married student housing. The entire apartment was only 500 square feet, so the bathroom was tiny. The shower head only came up to Michael’s shoulders—he’s tall, but not that tall! Having enough space in the bathroom for both of use to use it at the same time has been really, really nice.

Small Bathroom Makeover - Storage

Photo: anurseandanerd.blogspot.com

See even more photos of this before-and-after over at A Nurse and a Nerd!


Bob Vila Radio: The Lowdown on Upflushing Toilets

Whereas gravity is normally a given in home plumbing, waste removal may need to be achieved by other means in one particular area—the basement.

Adding a toilet to your basement not only adds convenience, but it can also boost the value of your home. But before you proceed, it’s wise to do your research.

Basement Toilet

Photo: shutterstock.com

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Listen to BOB VILA ON BASEMENT TOILETS or read the text below:

The big thing you need to know is whether the sewer or septic lines are buried deep enough in the ground for gravity to do most of the work getting rid of the waste. For the answer, check with your municipality or the contractor who built your home. Note that even if you can count of the force of gravity, you are still going to need a one-way valve to keep wastewater from backing up into the basement.

If the lines are above the level of the toilet, you’ll need to install an upflushing toilet. These generally have a pumping mechanism hidden inside the toilet or behind it. Upflushing toilets are not cheap, but since installation would likely not require cutting through the basement slab, you’ll save some money there. Some models even allow you to tie in the waste water lines from sinks and shower stalls—a definite plus.

In any case, don’t start the job before you check local building codes. Most installations will require a permit.

Bob Vila Radio is a 60-second home improvement radio tip of the day carried on more than 186 stations in 75 markets around the country. Click here to subscribe, so you can automatically receive each new episode as it arrives—absolutely free.


Bob Vila Radio: For a Quick Bathroom Refresh, Recaulk the Tub

Sometimes, you've just got to work with what you have. If you don't have the money for a full bathroom remodel, take this budget-friendly approach instead.

If your bathroom is looking a bit dated but there’s no room in your budget for a full renovation, think in terms of small upgrades that’ll spruce things up.

How to Recaulk a Bathtub

Photo: shutterstock.com

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Listen to BOB VILA ON RECAULKING THE TUB or read the text below:

One such project is recaulking the bathtub, replacing the years-old discolored bead with new, fresh-looking silicone. Of course, the first step here is to remove the old caulk. You can do so by applying caulk softener and then letting it sit for a couple of hours (or for however long the instructions call for). Once the old caulk has softened, use a stiff putty knife to remove it.

Next, after getting rid of any remaining soap scum or debris, apply rubbing alcohol to kill any mildew that may be lurking. Once the area is dry, fill the bathtub with water to ensure that it’s fully settled. Finally, apply a new bead of quality silicone caulk, having made sure the product was specially made for bathrooms and contains mildewcide. That’ll help keep your tub looking clean and inviting for you and your guests.

Bob Vila Radio is a 60-second home improvement radio tip of the day carried on more than 186 stations in 75 markets around the country. Click here to subscribe, so you can automatically receive each new episode as it arrives—absolutely free.


Quick Tip: Scrub Your Tub with… Grapefruit?

If you love grapefruit, here's one more reason to keep the sweet citrus amply stocked in your kitchen.

Clean Your Bathtub with Grapefruit

Photo: shutterstock.com

The Natural Alternative

Is a grapefruit going to leave your tub any cleaner than a commercial cleaner would? Probably not. So if you've already got a solution that works for you—and which you don't mind using—stop reading now. Just keep this in mind: Cleaning doesn't have to be a noxious affair. Few people truly enjoy scrubbing, but such chores can be slightly more palatable if you insist on using cleaners that do not irritate your skin or make it hard to breathe normally. Yes, in some particularly sticky situations, your best bet is likely going to be a potent, lab-formulated commercial cleaner. But for everyday cleaning, why not go a little easier on yourself?

There are plenty of housekeeping jobs that people put off. And as opposed to a task like clearing the gutters, there are few risks tied to not cleaning the bathtub. But it’s only a matter of time before you finally tackle the tub, with all its nasty soap scum and mineral buildup. When that day comes, you have no shortage of options, from potent store-bought cleaning agents to milder, all-natural alternatives. Surprising though it may seem, one method gives you the best of both worlds: It’s not only an effective cleaner, but it’s also pleasant to work with. Yes, it’s grapefruit. We’re used to hearing about all the many wonderful things you can do with lemons, but this time it’s a different citrus fruit that not only fights stains and germs, but also imparts a genuinely fresh, invigorating scent in the process.

Clean Your Bathtub with Grapefruit - Tub Closeup

Photo: shutterstock.com

Depending on the size of your tub and the condition it’s in, you may need more than one grapefruit. But in any case, start by cutting one decently sized grapefruit in half. Next, coat the flesh of each half with a generous helping of salt. The salt works as abrasive that allows the fruit’s acidity to penetrate more deeply.

Now run the shower or bath for about thirty seconds, or for as long as necessary to dampen the full length of the tub. Once it’s wet, sprinkle additional salt over the area. You’re now ready to begin scrubbing. Apply the grapefruit directly to the tub, and as you go, be sure to squeeze the fruit gently to release its juice.

The most satisfying results come when the grapefruit juice and salt work in tandem, so add salt or switch to a new grapefruit half whenever you need to. For any particularly stubborn areas of residue, try scrubbing, not with the flesh of the fruit, but with its rind. Oh, and don’t forget to give some attention to the fixtures!

Once finished, simply run the water to rinse away the leftover juice, pulp, and salt. To wipe down the shower head, valve, tub spout and drain, use a clean cotton or microfiber cloth. That’s it—all clean, right?

Of course, it would be silly to keep grapefruit in your house all year round simply in order to clean the bathroom. Rather than base your bathroom cleaning schedule around trips to the grocery store, you can prepare a grapefruit cleaning paste that’s easy to keep on hand in all seasons. Here’s how to make a small batch (double or quadruple the recipe, if it’s grapefruit season and you can purchase the fruit at low cost).

1. Halve the grapefruit and squeeze the from each half until you have a half-cup of liquid. Remove seeds.

2. Add one and a half cup of salt to the liquid, then stir until the ingredients are combined.

3. Transfer the paste to an airtight container.

The next time you wish to clean the tub, apply the paste to a clean cloth and then scrub the entire tub, including the fixtures, washing or wiping away the grapefruit-and-salt remnants once you’re finished.


Is a Walk-In Tub Right for You?

The bathroom can be one of the most dangerous rooms in the home, especially for seniors. But with a walk-in hydrotherapy bathtub, almost any bathroom can be transformed into a safe haven of relaxation and comfort.

Walk-In Jacuzzi Tub - Water

Imagine if instead of having to make an appointment and haul yourself to the spa—and then have to pay for the privilege—you could treat yourself to a spa-like experience every day at home. This idea is not so far-fetched: For decades now, homeowners have been outfitting their decks with hot tubs and their master bathrooms with oversize jetted Jacuzzi tubs. And while for the younger set, time spent in a Jacuzzi is merely a luxury, those who are older know that it can be something else entirely.

Related: Visit the Aging in the Home Remodelers, Inc. Showroom on BobVila.com

For women and men of a certain age, walk-in tubs with built-in hydrotherapy turn bathing into a restorative, even health-giving, experience. As one recent remodeler put it, “The whirlpool has helped take lots of aches and pains away. It is like being on vacation all the time without all the travel.” Having a walk-in Jacuzzi tub allows bathing to become a pleasure instead of a task.

While Jacuzzi is best known for hot tubs, their walk-in bathtubs put the emphasis on safety. Ordinary tubs can be dangerous for anyone; slips are responsible for many thousands of serious injuries, sometimes even deaths, each year. For seniors in particular, that danger is present not only during moments of inattention, but increasingly as their mobility naturally declines with age. About 10,000 Baby Boomers turn 65 every day in the USA and one in three of these seniors suffers a fall each year, so this is not a marginal issue. The latest walk-in tub designs combine legendary Jacuzzi comfort with extraordinary safety features, including a leak-proof, low threshold bathtub door, built-in grab bars, raised seat, anti-scald water temperature protection, and textured, skid-resistant floor.

Though made specifically for one type of homeowner, Jacuzzi walk-in tubs are not just for one type of home. On the contrary, they know that no matter your age, it’s a priority to combine safety with preserving the look and feel of your bathroom and ensuring that your house not seem institutional. Innovators like Jacuzzi, Inc. have treated this seriously, using the concept of universal design—that is, features for the home that look great and work equally well for everyone, young and old. Their walk-in tubs, in other words, accommodate both grandparents and grandchildren.

Walk-in Jacuzzi Tub - open

Photo: HydrotherapyBathing.com

As you age, your house hasn’t changed, but your needs do change. Rather than leave your home prematurely for a senior living setting, the obvious solution is to fix your house to meet your needs. Aging In The Home Remodelers makes that process hassle-free by guiding you from product selection all the way through to installation. Their walk-in bathtubs and showers are available in multiple sizes, so if your existing tub is a standard size, the walk-in Jacuzzi can fit right into the space that it vacates.

In-home installation is handled by professional, certified installers, and is often completed in one day. This really is not a DIY project. There are a number of factors that can come up during installation, including the type and condition of the existing plumbing, electrical wiring and service, flooring conditions, local building code requirements, and the location of the bathroom within the house. However, certified installers can deal with all of the issues during the installation process. That’s why most quality walk-in tubs are sold as an all-inclusive package including your new tub, installation and clean-up.

To learn more about hydrotherapy and the Jacuzzi Walk-In Bathtub, visit HydrotherapyBathing.com.

This post was created in conjunction with Aging In The Home Remodelers, Inc. Its facts and opinions are those of BobVila.com.


The Right Way to Clean a Toilet

Remember the gleaming porcelain bowl installed in your bathroom all those years ago? You can get it back! Here's how.

How to Clean a Toilet

Photo: shutterstock.com

A dreaded household chore, cleaning the toilet is the definition of dirty work. Mostly it’s a matter of hygiene, but cleaning the toilet properly can also make the fixture last longer, particularly if you live in an area with hard water. While the self-cleaning toilets of tomorrow hold out the promise that one day, we’ll be free of this least-favorite duty, it is—at least for the time being—unavoidable. The silver lining? It’s actually not at all hard to clean a toilet. Here’s how to do a thorough job.

MATERIALS AND TOOLS
- Rubber gloves
- Disinfectant
- Scrubbing brush
- Pumice stone
- Antibacterial spray
- Paper towels (or clean rags)

STEP 1
Before getting started, suit up in protective gear. Rubber gloves are must, but an apron and protective eyewear might be a good idea, too, since the process involves some harsh chemicals. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure, as the saying goes. The next preparatory step is to drain the toilet. To do so, you can turn off the water supply and then flush, or you can wedge the float valve (also known as the ballcock) so that after flushing, the toilet does not automatically refill.

Toilet Cleaners

Photo: shutterstock.com

STEP 2
Lift up the toilet seat and squirt disinfectant around the rim and sides of the bowl, allowing it to run slowly down to the bottom. (If you live in an area with hard water, opt for a disinfectant that contains a chemical like borax, one that removes lime scale. Alternatively, you can purchase and use lime scale remover separately.) With a stiff, plastic-bristled brush, scrub the cleaner over the entire bowl, then allow it to set.

STEP 3
To remove tough stains, use a wet pumice stone to scrub the affected area of the ceramic bowl. Pumice stone can also dislodge lime scale deposits. It’s a handy tool, no matter the specific cause of discoloration.

STEP 4
With the disinfectant working its magic, close the seat and lid and focus on the exterior. Here, use an antibacterial spray, following with a clean rag or paper towels to wipe it all down. Pay extra attention to the seat hinge, notorious for its grime buildup. Finally, spray and wipe both sides of the lid and seat.

STEP 6
Now grab your scrubbing brush once more and have another go at the toilet bowl. This time, spend most of your energy on the area underneath the rim and down into the toilet U-bend. Once finished, restore the water supply or unplug the float valve. Flush the toilet, allowing fresh water to clean off any remaining disinfectant. Last but not least, rinse off the bristle brush so that it be used again—next week!


The Right Way to Plunge a Toilet

Believe it or not—though it may seem like the most straightforward, uncomplicated of tasks—plunging a toilet requires proper technique. Here's what to do the next time you're dealing with a clog.

How to Plunge a Toilet - Plunger

Photo: shutterstock.com

People go weeks, months, and even years without giving the toilet a second thought. The instant it clogs, however, the toilet becomes the center of attention. While most homeowners are wise enough to keep a plunger somewhere in the house—if not in the bathroom itself, then perhaps in the linen closet or basement—a remarkable proportion don’t actually know how to plunge a toilet. The correct technique is easy to master. Certainly, practice makes perfect, but just about anyone can capably handle the task. Simply follow the steps detailed below.

STEP 1
There’s more than one type of plunger, so make sure you’re using the one that’s best for the task at hand. One type of plunger looks like a basketball cut in half (this is commonly known as the “standard plunger”). The other type features an extended flange. Use this type to plunge a toilet. The flange is there to fit snugly into the drain hole, ensuring a tight seal and resulting in superior suction power.

How to Plunge a Toilet - Toilet

Photo: shutterstock.com

STEP 2
It can be messy work to plunge a toilet. Minimize cleanup by heaping dirty rags or old towels at the base of the toilet. The fabric here becomes the landing area for any water that splashes out during the process. Another cleanliness-oriented tip: Before plunging a toilet whose bowl is completely filled with water, don gloves and use buckets to bail out half of the fluid.

STEP 3
You can plunge and plunge, working yourself into a frustrated sweat, but if there isn’t a tight seal between the tool and the toilet’s drain hole, you’re not going to be successful in clearing the clog. An easy method of improving plunger suction is to rub petroleum jelly on the rim of the flange—the part that goes into the drain hole. Before you plunge, it’s recommended that you plug any other drains in the bathroom (for example, the sink and shower drains). Doing so isn’t strictly necessary, but it does make the plunger more effective.

STEP 4
When you’re inserting the plunger into the bowl, take pains to be certain the flange has gone into the drain hole. Meanwhile, the rubber lip of the plunger should sit around that drain opening. Hold the tool in a vertical position, so the handle is pointing straight up. Though it may feel more comfortable to hold the plunger at an angle, doing so will compromise the seal between the plunger and the drain.

STEP 5
Now move the plunger forcefully up and down for about 10 or 20 seconds. That’s about as long as it should take for the force of the water and air going back and forth in the drain to clear up the clog.

As mentioned, plunging a toilet can get a little messy, so it’s a bad idea to attempt to plunge after you’ve poured in a drain-clearing chemical. If that chemical finds its way out of the toilet, it can harm your skin or even corrode materials on the toilet or elsewhere in the bathroom.

If after 30 seconds of steady plunging the clog has not cleared, call a plumber—that is, unless you happen to own a few plumber’s tools. What’s most likely needed now is what’s referred to as a snake, a flexible auger that is used to clear clogged pipes. To protect your toilet’s finish, it’s best to use an auger made specifically for toilets. Good luck!


Bob Vila Radio: Dual-Flush Toilets

Dual-flush toilets cut down on water use, saving you money while conserving a precious natural resource.

Back in the 1980s, a bright Australian fellow came up with the idea for dual-flush toilets. They’ve been around for awhile.

Dual-Flush Toilets

Photo: amazon.com

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Listen to BOB VILA ON DUAL-FLUSH TOILETS or read the text below:

But what you may not know is that many of the newer models have improvements that make some of the orginals seem like Model T’s. For one thing, trapways have been significantly enlarged, and the sides of the bowls made steeper. Dual-flushers also now employ technology that pushes the waste down the trap (instead of washing it down with extra water).

It’s true that dual-flush toilets are often a bit more expensive than conventional models, at least on the front end. But the savings you build up on water use—along with financial incentives some governments offer—are likely to make your wallet happy in the long run.

Before you buy, make sure you compare specs on the units you’re considering. Price doesn’t always mean better performance.

Bob Vila Radio is a newly launched daily radio spot carried on more than 75 stations around the country (and growing). You can get your daily dose here, by listening to—or reading—Bob’s 60-second home improvement radio tip of the day.


How To: Install a Medicine Cabinet

Add beauty and storage to your bath by installing a medicine cabinet. Choose one that is wall-mounted—rather than inset—and the project becomes even more suitable for DIY.

How to Install a Medicine Cabinet

Photo: hgcinc.biz

Add storage to your bathroom—and in the process, give the space a jolt of fresh style—by installing a medicine cabinet. Even if you’re new to home improvement, installing a medicine cabinet makes for an excellent do-it-yourself project. That said, the process entails complexities best addressed through a careful, deliberate approach. Read on to learn how to install a medicine cabinet that mounts to the wall (as opposed to being recessed into the space between wall studs behind the drywall or plaster).

MATERIALS AND TOOLS
- Pipe locator
- Flush-mounted medicine cabinet with fixings
- Spirit level
- Pencil
- Drill
- Screwdriver

STEP 1
To install a medicine cabinet, you’ll need to drill into the walls. Since bathroom walls often conceal a warren of pipes and wires, it’s only prudent to make sure you won’t accidentally disturb any vital conduits of water or electricity (in the worst case, such a mistake could bring about extensive, expensive damage to your home). Stay on the safe side and run an electronic pipe locator over the area of the wall into which you are planning to drill. So long as the “coast is clear”, you can proceed.

How to Install a Medicine Cabinet - Chest Detail

Photo: signaturehardware.com

STEP 2
Next, position the medicine cabinet flush to the wall, approximately where you are planning to install it. Is the face of the cabinet mirrored? If so, pay close attention to the cabinet height; it should be at eye level. Finally, confirm that nothing (doors, fixtures, etc.) would be obstructed were the cabinet to be permanent.

STEP 3
Having determined the best place in which to install the medicine cabinet, enlist a friend to continue holding it in place. Meanwhile, reach for the spirit level, placing it on top of the cabinet (assuming there’s a ledge; if not, simply hold it against the top edge.) Make minor adjustments until you have gotten the cabinet to be perfectly level, then draw lines where the top and bottom edges of the frame meet the wall.

STEP 4
With your helper still holding the cabinet, open its door (or doors) and find the holes on the rear interior. On the wall, pencil an X-mark to correlate with each one of the installation holes that you identified on the cabinet. For the time being, take the cabinet away from the wall and set it aside at a safe distance.

STEP 5
Look at the hardware that came packaged with the cabinet; outfit your drill/driver with a bit whose size matches that of the hardware; then drill holes in the wall wherever you penciled an X-mark in Step 4. Tread carefully here; if the drilled holes are too large, then chances are the cabinet is going to wobble.

STEP 6
Position the cabinet back on the wall, matching its top and bottom edges to the pencil lines you drew in Step 3. While your helper holds the cabinet, screw the fasteners through each of the holes on the back of the cabinet. Don’t attach them tightly until you are satisfied the cabinet is precisely where you want it.

Additional Tips
• Temporarily tape the door (or doors) closed so as to safeguard against damage caused during installation.

• Power tools and moisture don’t mix: Before using the drill/driver, make sure the area is completely dry.

• Don’t worry about the pencil marks remaining visible post-installation. They can be removed via eraser.


Get the Look: Modern Bath

Straight edges, sleek finishes, soothing colors, and an abundance of natural materials like marble and stone all work together to create the serene, simplified beauty of today's modern bath. Here's how you can get the look in your own home.

modern bath

Photo: Vilabuilt.com

Think luxury. Think serenity. Think clean-lined, uncluttered space. This is the essence of the modern bath. It’s a look that has evolved over the years, taking advantage of the best of contemporary design in everything from faucet styles to tiles to bathtubs.

Although modern baths are often pared down to their barest essentials, those elements are of the highest quality and most innovative design (consider the Dolomiti honed marble tiles, Victoria + Albert tub, and Kallista sink and tub fixtures in the bath above). And, square footage is not a deciding factor either—what matters most is how you use the space you’ve got. Even the smallest bath can capture the cutting-edge look of a modern bath. Read on to learn how to re-create the look in your own home.

Colors
Muted, monochromatic color schemes are typical for modern baths, with all-white being one of the most common variations. Look closely, however, and you’ll often find that even a white bathroom has lively textures in marble and tile. Occasionally a modern bath will be interpreted with a splash of bold color—maybe red, orange, or lime green—on an accent wall or vanity.

modern loft apartment bathroom

Photo: jaklitschgardner.com

Surfaces
In a modern bath, surfaces are smooth and uncluttered. Natural materials, such as marble, granite, and stone, are popular choices, as are woods that may be pale in color or stained a deep brown or black, or might exhibit a strong grain pattern. Gleaming laminates are also sometimes used for a vanity or storage unit.

Tiles
You’ll rarely find traditional bathroom tiles in a modern bath—few white subway tiles or four-inch squares here. Instead, you may spot oversize limestone or granite tiles on the floor and, on the walls, an eye-catching arrangement of tiny one-inch glass tiles or narrow rectangles in gray or taupe. Tiles in a modern bath can blend into the overall color scheme or stand out as the single source of color in the room.

Sink and Fixtures
There are so many variations of sinks and faucets on the market today that homeowners may find it difficult to narrow their search. Many people choose a vessel sink that rests atop a vanity, while others opt for a traditional undermount model that allows a marble or granite vanity top to command full attention. Chrome, brushed nickel, and other silver finishes are usually preferred over brass.

Kohler K 1805 Aliento Collection Tub

Photo: Kohler's Aliento Collection 66" Lithocast Designer Bathtub

Tub and Shower
If there is space in your bathroom for a tub, by all means use the opportunity to find a shape you love. Most often, tubs in modern settings are white porcelain and extra deep, and possess a contemporary silhouette, whether gently curving or square-edged and boxy. For showers, floor-to-ceiling glass stalls are becoming commonplace, but clear-glass sliding doors are a budget-friendly alternative.

Floors
Tiles that tie the floor in with the overall color scheme of the room are typical in a modern bath. Wood floors stained either a very pale or a very dark hue are also sometimes seen. When it comes to the type of tiles used, homeowners tend to play with proportion, perhaps choosing large slabs of natural marble or stone, or maybe an energetic pattern of tiny tiles that have a contemporary look, like miniature hexagons.

Windows
Windows in modern baths are frequently unadorned to complement the clean lines of the room. If window coverings are needed for privacy, choose a simple, high-quality Roman or roller shade in a pale color, a metallic weave, or a woven-grass texture. If your bathroom makeover is part of a new addition or major renovation, consider installing a nontraditional window shape here, such as a large square or window wall.

Lighting
Many modern baths feature recessed lighting to underscore the pared-down surroundings. When fixtures or sconces are positioned overhead or beside a sink or vanity table, they are usually statement pieces—cutting-edge designs with unusual shapes, or fixtures with chrome or nickel finishes that echo the faucets and other details in the room.

Accessories
Extraneous objects look out of place in a modern bath, but a few thoughtfully selected items can provide a perfect finishing touch. Some examples include a sleek chair or stool, a single work of art like an oversize black-and-white photograph or colorful abstract print, and luxurious amenities like a wall-mounted towel warmer. Sufficient storage is a must to keep clutter at bay.