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mikeozo

03:56PM | 10/06/03
Member Since: 09/23/03
22 lifetime posts
Bvbasement
I am in the process of building a 2-story home that measures 30x44. My father and I have done all of the work by ourselves with the exception of digging the foundation. We have dome just about all types of construction prior to this, but never attempted a complete home.

I used 8" 3-core block for the foundation on top of a 8" deep x 20" footing. I reinforced the footing with 2 courses of 1/2" rebar.

The block wall is 12 blocks high (approximately 8' in height). The top course of block is filled with portland Cement.

We then built the frame of the house (2x6 construction) and installed the roof trusses. We also installed the 1/2" plywood to the all of first floor walls.

At this time, we decided there was enough weight on the foundation to resist any lateral forces that backfilling could produce. The front and sides of the house were only backfilled to about 6 block (48") high. However the back of the house was backfilled to 10 block (80") high due to the grade of the lot. Before we backfilled, we added about 1-2 feet of gravel for drainage over the french drains.

A few weeks ago, we borrowed a skidloader and backfilled. We then sheathed the upstairs walls, and also sheathed the roof. Yesterday we loaded the shingles up the roof and today we were working on soffit and fascia. I needed a pair of snips and they were in the basment. When I went down to the basement, I noticed that the back wall(which was backfilled to 80", had a horizontal crack running almost completely along the 44' of block wall. The seam was about 64" high. The wall apparently slightly buckled.

I do not know if this occured at the time of the backfill or later on. We have had a very rainy summer and the soil was slightly damp when we backfilled. I am not sure if this was the reason for the wall to buckle or not.

Another thing I thought might of caused this was the weight of the skidloader pushing down the soil against the wall. When my father backfilled, he drove the skidloader very close to the wall to level so we could place scaffolding along the foundation. I thought this might have pushed in the wall???

I am just looking for opinions of what mighthave caused this and also the best way to go about fixing this problem the correct way. I figure the backfill will need to be removed, the floor joists will need to be braced, and a new block wall will need to be put in. If I do this, I figure it will be best to backfill the entire trench with gravel.

If you know of any other better ways to go about this, I would greatly appreciate this. I have alot of money into this house, and I don't want further complicate the situation.

I have not installed any windows, drywall or plumbing yet so that is one positive.

Thanks for any advice you can offer.

Glenn Good

11:21AM | 10/08/03
Member Since: 09/10/03
314 lifetime posts
When backfilling a large wall it is always best to brace it well from the inside first. This will help hold the block from shifting due to the pressure you are placing against it. Leave the bracing in place as long as possible to give the earth time to stabilize after you are finished.

Another big help is to place vertical #4 rebar at 32” centers inside the block wall and fill those cells with concrete made with pea gravel. (Block fill) This may be rather difficult in your circumstance with the house being on top of the wall already leaving you little room to work.

Glenn www.consultationdirect.com

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