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Bruce_MacD

08:04AM | 09/02/01
Member Since: 04/12/01
7 lifetime posts
Bvelectrical
My house is 26 years old and was built when aluminum wiring was the fad. Should I have any concerns regarding this. I have heard tales that you should not mix aluminum and other wires when installing a new light or other appliances because the aluminum will get too hot. Sometime in the future I may have to add another electrical panel into the house because I only have 100 amp service now and the current panel is almost full. Should I consider repalcing my wiring.
My house is a bungalow with a finished basement and I live in Manitoba.

Thanks for any help you can provide.

Lawrence

03:41PM | 12/24/01
Member Since: 11/14/00
333 lifetime posts
Aluminum wire is not dangerous, itself. It is not as efficient as copper in carrying current, but the wires are made in thicker gauges to compensate (10 gauge aluminum has about the same "ampacity" as 12 gauge copper). It is more flexible than copper, so the higher gauges do not make it impossible to work with.

Aluminum wire is only potentially dangerous at connections with outlet plugs and other devices because that is where it potentially comes in contact with copper or other metal conductors. First, you need to make sure that the outlet plugs and devices directly hooked up to aluminum wire are rated for aluminum wire (with a CO-ALR code on it). The old AL-CU code is outdated because it approved certain devices that passed muster BEFORE the problems with aluminum-copper wire connections were fully discovered. Anything with a AL-CU code on it should be replaced.

The main danger of aluminum-copper connections is that aluminum and copper expand and contract at different temperatures. With normal temperature fluctuations, gaps form between the wires, which caused sparking, which caused fires in rare circumstances. Another danger is that because copper and aluminum have different metalurgical properties, they oxidize when in contact with each other. The oxidation undermines the connection, and eventually causes shorts or arching.

As such, any connections between copper and aluminum wire must be made with special wire nuts: Ideal makes one that they have patented that are purple and relatively expensive. (About $1-$2 each, as opposed to a few cents each for regular wire nuts). They use different metal than ordinary wire nuts that is somewhere between the metalurgical properties of copper and aluminum soas to minimize expanding. They also have an anti-oxidant gunk in them to prevent oxidation.

So long as the connections are safe, aluminum wire is fine. However, because of the risk that someone along the line will not know about these risks when doing work (replacing a ceiling fan, replacing an outlet), it is a good idea to replace aluminum wire with copper wire when feasible. Sometimes, even qualified electricians make improper copper/aluminum connections because it is not a common problem. For that reason, I replaced most of my aluminum wire during a gut rehab, except where the run was impractical to get at. I minimized the number of outlets that had aluminum wire: from about fifty to only five or six, where the circuits come in the room from the breaker). Also, simply because it is too easy to overlook these risks and make bad connections, aluminum wire is no longer approved by most building codes for new construction/remodels, and some codes require you to remove it when you do gut rehabs that remove the walls and make the wiring accessible.

[This message has been edited by Lawrence (edited January 08, 2002).]

Joe Tedesco

12:47AM | 09/30/02
Member Since: 07/27/02
141 lifetime posts
www.joetedesco.com

[This message has been edited by Joe Tedesco (edited April 09, 2003).]

Electrical Inspector

01:45AM | 09/30/02
Member Since: 09/27/02
76 lifetime posts
a worthy link Joe, i had no idea that there were some 'ignitable' inhibitors....

[This message has been edited by Electrical Inspector (edited September 30, 2002).]

BillOH

08:03AM | 09/30/02
Member Since: 07/21/02
48 lifetime posts
Most insurance companies (at least in the States) will not insure properties with AL wiring because of the fire problems. For that reason alone it might be worth the rewire cost (unless you are wealthy and don't need insurance on your home).

Bill

Joe Tedesco

04:08AM | 10/01/02
Member Since: 07/27/02
141 lifetime posts
www.joetedesco.com

[This message has been edited by Joe Tedesco (edited April 09, 2003).]

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