Repairing Plaster and Installing Ceramic Shower Tiles

Bob heads to the library to discuss the plaster patchwork in progress, and then visits the second floor, where ceramic tile is being installed in a guest bathroom.

Clip Summary

Bob heads to the library to discuss the plaster patchwork in progress. Plaster buttons are installed to hold the new metal mesh to the existing lath. Structo-Lite and Durabond are then applied and feathered to match the surrounding original plaster. Bob then visits with Ed Zywusko, who is installing ceramic tile in a guest bathroom on the second floor. The tiles are from Spain, Portugal, and Italy, lending a very Mediterranean feel to the shower stall. Ed demonstrates the process of applying the mortar and setting the tiles in place.
Some of the plaster work on the ground floor of the house was in good enough condition that we've salvaged it. And Jordy here, is doing some of the patchwork in the library.

Now Jordy, you are dealing with a major patch there. And what are the these things that you're driving in?

These are plaster buttons.

Very old fashion technology for repairing plaster that loosened, that's come away from its keys.
When plaster was first put on, a hundred years ago, over these lathe. Some of it get's actually pushed down in between them, in that hollow space, and forms what we call keys, which will hold the plaster in place.

And, when it loosens up it's because the keys fall out of place. Now, what is the material you're putting on over this expanded lathe?

This is tructolite.
It's the same consistency as the old plaster there.

So it's Structolite, which is a product which is similar, in in terms of its soft So that its compatible with the soft horse hair plaster that's here.
And the reason that you want to use something that's soft is so that when house is settling it cools, it heats up etc, and you have movement so that it moves all at the same rate and then. Here's a patch up above that's already had the brown coat applied, and what's this product that gets installed over.

Thats Durabond 90.

Durabond 90.

That's very much like regular compound except it's

Like joint compound, right?

Yeah, powder form that you mix.

So this is a powder and the idea here is that you going to end up with a fine hard finish, right?


Boy, it's hard to believe that it really was worth saving all the plaster in here but I guess, I guess it's a good call.
That's it, now let us go up to the second floor minute and check again and ceramic tile installations.

Lets say hi to Ed Zjawisko from Easy Masonry.

How are you doing?


So you're very far along with this?


This is the shower stall in the guest bathroom, and the tiles are really beautiful. They're from... the white tiles are from?

The are from Spain, and these are from Italy.

So the blue border is from Italy.

Well yeah, these blue borders are from Italy, these are from Portugal, these are from Spain.

They're all from different countries.

And the thing to keep in mind is that we've got several bathrooms with interesting tile combinations, and so the architect provides Ed with a sheet that shows the layout for the floor, and this is the shower floor right there.

This over here is the shower ceiling, shows the pattern of how the white tiles will be laid. And these are the three walls, and he's working on this one right now.

But it's very important because it tells you exactly how far to go up with your borders right?


And you've already of course, roughed out the showering enclosure with this cementitious board.
So what's this product? What kind of a mortar is it?

Well this is a latex modified, flexible bond thin set.

That's a mouthful.


Now what, what's the latex in here for?

Mostly for adhesion.


A little bit for waterproofing, and it also helps keep from cracking and leaking.

So you put it on with, what is it a quarter inch notch?

Yep, quarter inch.
That's good for most ceramic tiles.

Okay, so you're ready now for one of these little corners, aren't you?

Yep, all ready for that if you want to give me a hand.

Here you go.

This has already been pre-laid out, so it's very easy now.
Oh, thanks.

The blue is just one of the borders.
And we'll need some of the flowers if you've got them.

The whole ones?

Yep, sounds good. This will be right-centered with this.

So you go from the center outward? 'Cause the size of the flower border is not identically the same as the white ones.

Nope, no because there's three different companies and different products here. We are making each one work.

All set.
I think we need some of the cuts if you got them.

OK, here goes a cut.

Yup, thanks.

Speaking of cuts, we're going to have cut out for a couple of messages.
Don't go away.