How Much Does Mudjacking, or Concrete Leveling Cost?
Concrete leveling can save a failing patio or driveway. The process costs between $630 and $1,723, with a national average concrete leveling cost of $1,174.
- The typical cost range to level concrete—also known as mudjacking—is from $630 to $1,723, with a national average cost of $1,174.
- The exact cost of mudjacking will depend on the size of the area, the concrete leveling method, the type of project, the cost of labor, the home’s geographic location, and the product brand used.
- Concrete may need to be leveled if the homeowner notices cracking, separation from the foundation wall, pooling water, or an uneven surface.
- Homeowners may be able to take on minor concrete leveling projects themselves; however, for larger projects or for homeowners who are not comfortable tackling a mudjacking project, hiring a professional is the best option.
Whether it’s a tilted sidewalk or an uneven driveway, there are many reasons to consider concrete leveling. Also known as mudjacking, concrete leveling is a process that involves raising and leveling uneven or sunken concrete surfaces, including patios and garage floors. There are several different approaches, but all of them can restore a concrete surface to its original position.
According to Angi and HomeAdvisor, the national average concrete leveling cost is $1,174, though the typical range is from $630 to $1,723. Several factors influence the final cost, including the size of the area to be leveled and the concrete’s overall condition. What follows will help homeowners learn more about how to calculate concrete leveling costs and whether it’s a job that they can take on themselves.
Factors in Calculating Mudjacking, or Concrete Leveling, Cost
The final cost to level concrete depends on several factors. These can include the area size, method used, and geographic location of the job site. While the average concrete leveling cost is $1,174, the following factors are the most influential.
The size of the area to be leveled has a heavy influence on concrete leveling costs. Generally speaking, the larger the area is, the more it will cost to level. There are several reasons.
First, larger areas require more leveling material, such as mud or foam. Larger areas also take more time and labor, raising the overall cost. Some larger jobs may require the use of larger equipment, while others may have more complex terrain to navigate. Accessibility can sometimes be an issue for larger areas as well.
When determining leveling costs by size, homeowners can expect to pay anywhere from $3 to $6 per square foot, though costs can be as much as $25 per square foot for different techniques.
|Size of Area in Square Feet||Cost Range (Materials and Labor)|
|100||$300 to $600|
|200||$400 to $1,200|
|400||$800 to $2,400|
Not every concrete leveling job is carried out in the same manner. There are a variety of approaches contractors take when leveling concrete, each with its advantages, drawbacks, and price range.
Different methods use different materials, which directly influences the overall cost. Some methods require more labor and skill than others. Time is also a consideration, with some methods taking longer to complete and raising prices as a result.
For example, standard mudjacking is cost-effective, costing as little as $3 per square foot. Polyurethane leveling offers additional benefits but is a more costly option with a top price of $25 per square foot.
Project type matters in concrete leveling for several reasons. First, some projects are more accessible than others. Hard-to-reach locations can increase labor and equipment costs. Functionality is also an influential factor. Some project types require a more meticulous approach, especially when safety is a concern. Examples include garages, patios, and sidewalks.
Finally, aesthetics can also influence the final price. A project type that’s more hidden, such as a foundation, may be charged differently than one in need of additional aesthetic consideration, such as a patio.
|Project Type||Cost Range (Materials and Labor)|
|Driveway||$600 to $3,000|
|Foundation||$4,500 to $10,000|
|Garage||$500 to $2,500|
|Patio||$500 to $1,100|
|Sidewalk||$150 to $800|
|Steps||$200 to $600|
As with most other home improvement projects, labor rates in concrete driveway leveling can fluctuate. Some contractors charge a flat labor rate, while others charge by the hour. Homeowners can expect to pay more in labor if their concrete leveling project has uneven terrain or is difficult to access, has multiple concrete slabs in need of leveling, is larger and/or requires more workers, or is expected to last longer than most concrete leveling jobs.
Regional labor rates can also influence total labor costs. Worker availability can sway pricing as well. A surplus of workers can drive labor costs down, while a deficit can lead to more competitive hourly labor rates.
While the national average for concrete slab leveling is $1,174, homeowners could pay more or less solely based on where they live. Those in higher-cost areas can expect to receive higher quotes, while those living in areas with a lower cost of living may be more likely to snag a deal.
Homeowners cab estimate their concrete leveling costs based on the nearest major city.
|City||Cost Range (Materials and Labor)|
|Kansas City, Missouri||$830|
|Los Angeles, California||$1,500|
|New York City, New York||$2,500|
Concrete leveling costs can vary by product brand. There are several options of self-leveling concrete on the market. Param 5500 is a cost-effective self-leveling brand made from calcium aluminate cement-based overlay. Other brands, such as Ardex Self-Leveling Concrete, RapidSet Concrete Leveler, and Gypcrete, are pricier but still affordable. Finally, Quikrete is the most expensive option, but the brand has an excellent reputation, and its product is easy to use. It can be spread across the surface of uneven concrete to act as a self-leveler or injected beneath a concrete slab.
|Product Brand||Cost per Square Foot (Materials Only)|
|Ardex Self-Leveling Concrete||$2 to $3|
|Gypcrete||$2 to $6|
|Param 5500||$1 to $5|
|Quikrete||$3 to $6|
|RapidSet Concrete Leveler||$2 to $6|
Additional Costs and Considerations
When homeowners are planning for the cost of concrete leveling, it’s helpful for them to know about any additional costs and considerations. As explained below, these include concrete grinding, polishing, and core drilling.
Concrete Leveling vs. Replacement
When concrete shows signs of wear and tear or begins to sink, many homeowners jump to the idea of replacement. But if the slab isn’t significantly damaged, concrete leveling can be the more affordable option. Concrete costs per yard can be anywhere from $100 to $200. There’s also the cost of demolition to keep in mind, which can be around $1,000. At the end of the day, a new slab can cost as much as 70 percent more than leveling.
A concrete floor leveler may not be enough for a slab that’s severely cracked or missing sections. Homeowners will want to speak to an experienced concrete professional to determine if leveling or replacement is the more cost-effective option based on the current state of the concrete in question.
Concrete Core Drilling
Concrete core drilling involves drilling precise holes or cores into concrete surfaces. Specialized equipment is required for this process. Core drilling might be required when homeowners are leveling concrete to access soil for testing or to create holes to inject leveling materials into. Core drilling is also sometimes necessary to insert monitoring equipment for precise leveling adjustments.
Homeowners can expect to pay $11 per square foot if concrete core drilling is required. While this process isn’t always necessary, homeowners are advised to be prepared for this additional cost. A concrete slab measuring 200 square feet can rack up over $2,000 in additional fees if core drilling is recommended or required.
Concrete grinding is a surface preparation technique commonly used during slab leveling. When grinding concrete, a machine equipped with an abrasive disc is moved across the surface in a back-and-forth motion or circular motion. Doing so removes irregularities and imperfections from the concrete.
Concrete polishing leaves the surface smooth and level. The process can be used to remove high spots when concrete is being leveled. Grinding can also be used to level small, uneven surfaces or prepare a concrete slab for applying leveling materials such as overlays or coatings. Homeowners can expect to pay between $3 and $12 per square foot, depending on location and job complexity.
Concrete polishing goes a bit further than grinding concrete alone. While grinding is still part of the process, concrete polishing also includes smoothing the surface long enough to achieve a high-sheen finish.
Polishing requires the use of finer abrasives to grind the concrete. Chemical treatments are also used for a smooth, reflective surface. Polishing is typically recommended to enhance the aesthetics of concrete surfaces. In some cases, it can also increase durability.
Polishing may be needed after leveling in spaces where aesthetics are important. While it’s an additional step, it can produce a more attractive final result. Polished concrete floor costs can range from $3 to $15 per square foot.
Types of Mudjacking, or Concrete Leveling, Methods
Concrete leveling cost varies by the type of concrete leveling performed on a surface. Different variations in technique can help meet specific concrete leveling needs. The chart below shows how other methods influence pricing.
|Concrete Leveling Method||Average Cost per Square Foot (Materials and Labor)|
|Foamjacking||$3 to $25|
|Foundation jacking||$5 to $8|
|Poly leveling||$5 to $25|
|Sandjacking||$3 to $8|
|Self-leveling||$1 to $5|
|Slabjacking||$3 to $6|
When smaller residential concrete spaces are being leveled, including sidewalks and patios, foamjacking is an ideal approach to consider. Foamjacking involves injecting polyurethane foam beneath sunken or uneven concrete. Once injected, the foam expands, lifting the concrete. This mudjacking type is faster and less invasive than more traditional methods. The material is moisture-resistant and can maintain its structural integrity for years.
But foamjacking can also be more expensive, costing anywhere from $3 to $25 per square foot. Additionally, the product may be unable to support heavy load-bearing surfaces and isn’t always environmentally friendly.
As the name suggests, foundation jacking involves lifting and stabilizing a foundation after it’s begun to sink or settle. The process involves placing hydraulic jacks around a home and slowly raising it to its original position. This type of concrete leveling is often a significant undertaking for homeowners in terms of time and cost.
However, foundation jacking is meant to correct structural issues caused by foundation settlement and make a home safer. It can also help to increase property value. Foundation jacking can cost anywhere from $5 to $8 per square foot, but it offers a long-term solution to a severe problem when done correctly.
Polyurethane, or poly, leveling is often the recommended method when homeowners are trying to level concrete floors as quickly as possible. It’s similar to foamjacking and involves injecting expanding polyurethane foam beneath concrete slabs for lift and stabilization.
The foam is lightweight, exerting minimal pressure on the soil beneath it, and cures quickly. The method is ideal for minor concrete services, including driveways and patios, and offers contractors precise control over the lift.
Poly leveling costs between $5 and $25 per square foot. This can be much more expensive than standard approaches. But for some homeowners, the speed benefit is worth the added cost.
Sandjacking is a cost-effective concrete raising and leveling method. The process involves injecting a slurry of sand and cement to fill voids and lift concrete to its original position. Once cured, the sand and cement mixture provides excellent durability, and the materials used are environmentally friendly.
One potential drawback of sandjacking is that the mixture is heavy and may exert additional pressure on the soil beneath it. The process may also be less precise than foamjacking or polyurethane jacking. However, it is more affordable, and homeowners can expect to pay between $3 and $8 per square foot for sandjacking.
This is the perfect method for homeowners who want to be their own concrete leveler. Self-leveling concrete is a specialized mix that automatically levels itself when poured. It spreads evenly and provides a smooth, level surface DIY-style.
When homeowners are tackling indoor projects, such as leveling floors for tilework, a smart level concrete mixture can simplify the process and reduce labor costs. Self-leveling also sets quickly, enabling faster project completion.
However, it’s not ideal for thick applications and can be used only in a slab that has sunk less than an inch. There’s also additional surface prep to keep in mind, including thorough cleaning and priming. But for the homeowner interested, self-leveling concrete costs between $1 and $5 per square foot.
Slabjacking is ideal for sidewalks, driveways, patios, and other concrete surfaces. Specifically, it works well for high-traffic areas. Before homeowners schedule slabjacking, the soil conditions will need to be evaluated to prevent future settlement issues.
Slabjacking involves injecting a cementitious slurry beneath the affected concrete, typically through ⅜-inch holes drilled directly into the concrete surface. The process tends to be more cost-efficient than others, though visible patch marks may be left behind on the concrete surface.
Homeowners can expect to pay anywhere from $3 to $6 per square foot for slabjacking concrete slabs. For foundation slabs, costs can be as high as $17 per square foot.
Do I Need Mudjacking, or Concrete Leveling?
There are many reasons to consider mudjacking or concrete leveling. Doing so provides a relatively fast way to level sunken concrete surfaces and helps maintain the appearance and functionality of a property. The signs mentioned below suggest it may be time for a homeowner to consider mudjacking.
Cracks in concrete slabs, such as sidewalks and patios, create uneven surfaces that pose tripping and injury risks. Cracking can also signal underlying issues and compromise the structural integrity of a building, especially if it’s found in the foundation. Lastly, cracking on concrete can raise aesthetic concerns and detract from the surface’s appearance, potentially reducing property value.
Cracking is a definite reason to consider mudjacking or leveling. The cracks can expand and increase safety risks and structural issues if ignored. As the cracks grow, water infiltration is more likely. Erosion can be extremely dangerous for foundations, causing them to weaken prematurely.
Foundation Wall Separation
Foundation wall separation occurs when a gap or space appears between two adjoining sections of panels of a home’s foundation walls. The separation can present horizontally or vertically and needs prompt attention to prevent further complications.
Signs of foundation wall separation include visible cracks, gaps, spaces between foundation blocks, and unevenness. Cracks in the interior walls or difficulty opening and closing doors or windows can also signal foundation wall separation.
Foundation repair costs can be substantial, so it’s best to get a professional out right away if a homeowner notices any of these signs.
There are several reasons behind standing water, including poor drainage, grading problems, or inadequate water management systems. But no matter the cause, pooling water is a concern.
Signs of pooling water include puddles in low-lying areas, including the yard, driveway, or walkways. Soil that remains consistently wet is another sign, along with water pooling near the foundation of a home that leads to basement or crawl space moisture issues.
On the outside of a home, excessive water can damage plants, lead to a decline in curb appeal, and even serve as a breeding ground for mosquitoes. Prolonged exposure to pooling water inside a home can lead to serious foundation damage and structural issues, including mold growth. Budgeting for concrete cleaning and sealing service costs can help, but mudjacking may be the ideal solution for pooling water.
When a concrete slab has visible slopes, foundation cracks, or pooling water, it’s likely uneven. Various factors, including foundation settlement, soil erosion, and improper grading, can cause uneven surfaces. No matter the cause, it’s important to level the surface as soon as possible to eliminate tripping hazards and improve aesthetics.
Since new concrete slab costs can be high, homeowners will want to consider mudjacking as the first remedy when addressing uneven concrete surfaces. The appropriate concrete leveling technique will depend on how severe the unevenness is.
But when homeowners address the issue sooner than later, mudjacking or self-leveling concrete can solve the safety issues more quickly and affordably than slab replacement.
Mudjacking, or Concrete Leveling: DIY vs. Hiring a Professional
The decision between DIY concrete leveling and professional work needs to be based on several factors.
The first is project size. DIY concrete leveling can be suitable for small-scale projects. For example, learning how to repair concrete steps may be feasible. But learning how to fix a sinking foundation is less likely.
Budget is also another determining factor. The typical concrete leveling cost for DIY is between $1 and $5 per square foot, plus the cost of tool rental if needed. Going with a professional will cost more but can provide more value, precision, and peace of mind.
It’s important to consider experience levels as well. If a homeowner doubts their skills and experience in concrete work is adequate to take on concrete floor leveling, then it’s a job best left to the professionals.
Another factor to keep in mind is risk tolerance. Several potential problems with self-leveling concrete can spring up for inexperienced homeowners. Mistakes or complications can slow down a project timeline dramatically and increase costs.
The most significant benefit of DIY concrete leveling is the potential for cost savings. But working with a professional offers a list of benefits that homeowners won’t want to overlook based on costs alone. Professional concrete levelers check the following boxes:
- Have specialized knowledge and experience.
- Use specialized tools and materials.
- Offer guarantees and warranties.
- Complete projects more quickly.
- Ensure even and lasting results.
- Reduce the risk of injury or mishaps.
- Adhere to industry standards.
- Offer less hassle and more peace of mind.
DIY is likely a budget-friendly and achievable solution for small projects that can be tackled with a self-leveler. However, working with a professional is the better route for larger, more complex concrete leveling projects that require more equipment, heavy-duty materials, and advanced techniques.
How to Save Money on Mudjacking, or Concrete Leveling, Cost
The cost to level concrete floors can be an unwelcome investment. However, opportunities to save exist when homeowners are completing or hiring for a concrete leveling job. Following key tips can help reduce concrete leveling costs without compromising on quality.
- Obtain multiple quotes. Shop around for quotes from several contractors so you can compare prices and services and align them with your budget.
- DIY small repairs. Tackle minor leveling problems promptly before they become major issues.
- Select the right method. Choose the most cost-effective leveling method based on project specifics.
- Choose local materials. Opting for locally sourced materials can help reduce transportation costs, and therefore lower overall project costs.
- DIY prep work. Tackle any necessary preparation work yourself, such as clearing the area before work begins, to avoid paying a pro to complete these easy tasks..
- Schedule during the offseason. Plan the project timeline around the contractor’s off-peak season, usually the colder months, for potential discounts.
- Group projects together. If you have several concrete leveling projects to tackle, ask the contractor about combining them in exchange for lower rates.
- Look into warranties. If the concrete was installed recently, check to see if the original contractor offered a warranty that could help pay to re-level the concrete.
- Perform regular inspections. Check the concrete carefully on a regular basis so you can identify potential problems early and save on future repairs.
Questions to Ask About Mudjacking, or Concrete Leveling
Concrete leveling is a specialty all its own, and finding professional concrete leveling companies with the right amount of experience and expertise is crucial. Homeowners can streamline the vetting process by asking contractor questions such as:
- Can you provide a list of references or a portfolio of similar projects you’ve completed in the past?
- Are you licensed and insured for concrete leveling?
- What specific leveling method and materials do you recommend for my project?
- Will you handle any required permits, or is that my responsibility?
- How will you ensure the leveling is uniform and long-lasting?
- What can I expect regarding the final appearance and durability of the leveled concrete?
- Can you guarantee that the concrete will remain level over time?
- Do I need to perform any maintenance tasks after the leveling is complete?
- How long will my leveling project take?
- What payment methods do you accept, and what is your payment schedule?
- Do you offer any warranties or guarantees on your work? If so, what do they cover?
- How do I address any aesthetic or functional issues after the project is completed?
- How will you make sure that my property is left clean and in its original condition after the leveling project is completed?
Concrete leveling can improve safety, aesthetics, and functionality. The process can also make a concrete slab or foundation more durable while improving a home’s value. While overall costs can vary based on factors such as area size and leveling method, concrete leveling is considered a valuable investment for property owners. For those still unsure about concrete leveling costs, the following frequently asked questions may help guide their decisions.
Q. Is it expensive to level a concrete floor?
Compared to other leveling projects, leveling a concrete floor can be affordable, though it depends on the location and size of the project. For example, leveling a garage floor costs between $1,100 and $2,200, while leveling a concrete subfloor can cost up to $4,000. However, leveling a foundation can cost as much as $37,500, making concrete floor leveling a much more affordable project.
Q. How long does concrete leveling last?
Concrete leveling lasts 5 to 10 years, so it’s not a permanent solution to sinking concrete. Unfortunately, some concrete leveling work may not last that long, especially if loose soil is beneath the slab. It’s worth knowing that some concrete leveling results can last longer than a decade, though it’s not guaranteed.
Q. Can you fix an uneven concrete floor?
Yes, an uneven concrete floor can be leveled. There are several approaches to doing so, with the best option depending on the extent of unevenness and the desired outcome. A self-leveling compound is ideal for minor unevenness, while grinding or mudjacking may be required to fix a more severe uneven surface.
Q. Can you pour concrete over old concrete?
Yes, new concrete can be poured over old concrete without cause for concern. However, this needs to be avoided if a door or staircase could be affected by adding additional height to the existing concrete.
Q. Is it better to lift concrete or replace it?
It’s generally better to lift concrete rather than replace it. There are cost benefits, with lifting concrete being the more budget-friendly option. Repairing a concrete slab also has minimal impact on the property and grounds surrounding the concrete. Finally, lifting concrete projects are short compared to replacements, reducing downtime and the risk of injury for property owners and workers.