Hi, I am considering runing a phone line to my boat shed but I'm hesitant because I have heard that there are distance limits that you can not exceed and still maintain a good quality connection. Does anyone know if there is any limit to the line distance or if there is any special external wiring that I should use. I should also mention that the only place that I can exit my house and still make it to the shed happens to be the same location that all the power lines connect to the house from the street poles. Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thanks again.
Don't know how far the boat shed is from the house, but if you try it, don't use the thin, tiny-gauge phone wire you get from K'mart. You'll want a heavier wire than that, made for outdoors. Also, if it's in contact with the AC wiring where it exits the house, you can probably expect buzzing noise on the line. Can you give it a couple of inches clearance? It doesn't take much.
is it possible to run a piece of plastic conduit from your home to the boat shed. If possible, that would eliminate any trouble you might have with weather and clearance from the power lines. If you have to go overhead, it would probably be better to contact your telephone company and ask (pay) them to install the line for you.
When it comes to wire the farther you run the larger gauge you must use to carry the voltage. Phones carry a very low voltage but this does not exempt you from the rules. If you can go to your local electrical supplier and request a "burried drop" phone wire (its named differently in different parts of the country) this wire is designed to be under ground without conduit and will carry phone signal up to (and a bit further than) 1000 feet. Allways remember to call befour you dig and the local utilities will come out to mark there lines and try to stay at least 6 inches down although local codes can require you to go deeper(which is a good idea). As far as the electric goes along side is OK. DO NOT run in the same conduit as the electric.
Not knowing the distance, I would go get the largest awg cat-3 cable. Although probablly not up to Code I would get some black 125psi water line, which usually comes in a big roll and bury it 6"-12". Now you will need your vacuum,roll of masonary string,and a little sandwich baggy. Tie the baggy to the string and **** it through to the other end with the vacumm. (helps to have 2 people). Make sure you protect the wire on both ends on the outside of the buildings. I'm not sure what the standards are where you are but they are as follows here, blue and blue/white is the pair you need to connect to, and on the jack you would terminate them on the red and green. By no means take this as gospel. Consult local utilities before you do any digging and do not perform any of this because I said to. Keep away from hydro lines!