These Electrical Safety Tips Could Save Your Life

Most of us take electricity for granted, fully expecting that the outlets, wiring, extension cords, and power strips in our homes will operate safely and reliably. But electricity can be dangerous when improperly handled, so it's important to understand how it works before starting a new DIY project. Accidental exposure to electricity can have serious consequences. According to the Centers for Disease Control, the most common injuries caused by contact with electrical energy are electric shock, burns, and falls. Stay safe at home and on the job by taking necessary precautions whenever you're engaging in any of these potentially risky activities.

Operating an Electric Lawn Mower

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Electric Lawn Mower Safety

Pairing an extension cord with an electric lawn mower is a recipe for disaster. While newer electric mowers are powered by  state-of-the-art battery technology, older models still need to be plugged in—and there is always a danger of running over the cord with the mower blades. If you're using a corded mower, make sure that the cord is out of the way and secured before and during your mowing session.

Related: 9 Mowing Mistakes Everyone Makes

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Using Electric Garden Tools

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Garden Tools Safety

Electric hedge trimmers, chain saws, and other gardening equipment typically require the use of an extension cord—and that cord can pose a hazard if you accidentally slice through it with the cutting blade. The danger is even greater if you are working on trees or high hedges, or standing on a ladder. If you're handling one of these heavy-duty tools, be sure to use a properly rated extension cord of adequate length, and set tools on manual rather than automatic setting to stay safe.

Related: Proceed with Caution: 10 Power Tools That Can Kill You

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Pruning Trees and Branches

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Tree Electrocution

Trimming trees and branches can be dangerous, especially when those branches intersect with power lines. Avoid cutting anywhere close to power lines, and never lean a ladder against a line. Keep in mind: This might be one job to leave to the professionals who have been trained in electrical safety procedures, especially if you have a lot of large trees and branches near your wires.

Related: 10 Accidents Waiting to Happen—and How to Stay Safe

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Replacing a Circuit Breaker

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Circuit Breaker Safety

Circuit breakers are the workhorses of your home’s electrical system and typically don’t require maintenance. But age and use can catch up with these sturdy stalwarts, and you may need to replace them from time to time. Never attempt to perform this job when the main power to the house is turned on. Before you make any repairs, be sure power to the system is completely off and disconnected—and if you're not sure how to do the job, hire a reputable electrician to minimize your risk of injury.

Related: 10 Emergencies Every Homeowner Should Know How to Handle

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Maintaining or Replacing a Sump Pump

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Sump Pump Safety

Water and electricity are a bad combination: Water conducts electricity, which makes the risk of electric shock greater in wet conditions. Because a sump pump is typically located in a damp location, always be sure to unplug the pump from the power source before cleaning or replacing it.

Related: 12 Things Your Plumber Wishes You Knew

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Operating Kitchen Appliances

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Electrical Appliance Safety

The kitchen appliances we use on a daily basis—the toaster, blender, mixer, slow cooker—can be hazardous if exposed to water. It is best to locate these appliances as far away from the kitchen sink as possible. It's also important to note that kitchens should always be wired with ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) outlets to prevent accidental electric shocks.

Related: 9 Bad Habits That Are Killing Your Appliances

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Using Bathroom Accessories

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Bathroom Electrical Safety

Hair dryers, curling irons, radios, and even televisions are all safe for use in the bathroom, but they do pose a danger when used near sinks, bathtubs, showers, and toilets. Stay in control of your electrical safety by making sure that all power outlets in the bathroom are located away from these water sources, and install GFCI outlets to minimize risk of electrocution. Never keep electric bathroom appliances running while you're sitting in the bathtub, and be careful not to use hair care appliances over a full bath or sink.

Related: 11 Bathroom Hazards That Harm Your Home and Health

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Running a Generator

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Generator Safety

Fixed or portable generators can be lifesavers in the event of power outage, but they can also create an emergency situation of their own if not used appropriately. Always select the proper cords to connect the generator to any appliance you are powering, and make sure to have your generator serviced and maintained on an annual basis to prevent sparks from flying.

Related: Prep for Disaster: 10 Things You'll Need in a Home Emergency

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Working (or Playing) Around the Pool

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Swimming Pool Electrocution

Swimming pools pose two different types of dangers when it comes to electricity. The first lies in connecting pumps, filters, heaters, and other components necessary for operating a pool. The second is posed by any appliances in use near the pool—radios, stereos, televisions, and more. Homeowners can stay safe by following municipal guidelines that require new swimming pools to be installed by licensed professionals, and by ensuring that any power sources near the pool be GFCI outlets to minimize the risk of electric shock. Teach your family about electrical safety by explaining the dangers of mixing electricity and water, and keep electric devices as far from the pool as possible.

Related: 10 Genius Ways to Make Your Backyard a Blast

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Spas, Saunas, and Hot Tubs

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Hot Tub Electrocution

While a spa, hot tub, or sauna sounds like a delightfully hedonistic addition to your home, all these luxury accessories involve both water and electricity, which means that improper installations can lead to disastrous results. In many cases, putting in a spa or sauna requires a dedicated electrical circuit, and this should be handled by a licensed professional. Never use televisions, radios, or other electronics while sitting in a spa or hot tub.

Related: 10 Cheap Ways to Bring the Beach to the Backyard

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Working with Power Tools

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Power Tools Safety

Circular saws, drills, power sanders, and other electrically powered tools can deliver nasty shocks or burns. Protect yourself by practicing proper electrical safety: Periodically inspect the cords and plugs on all power tools or extension cords, and avoid using any tool if the cord shows signs of fraying, nicks, cuts, cracks, or burns.

Related: 50 Products for Quick Fixes Around the House

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Confronting Downed Power Lines

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Power Lines Electrocution

downed power line can be deadly. If you see a downed line, call 911 and report it immediately. Stay far away from the area, because the ground around a power line can conduct current. Be especially on guard if a downed power line is sitting in a puddle or water source. Water conducts electricity much more effectively than solid ground does, which makes that line even more dangerous.

Related: 8 Dangerous Secrets Your Home May Be Hiding

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Safety First

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Safety First

Even if you're comfortable working with electrical tools and equipment, remember you should always proceed with caution.  

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