2024’s Best Fertilizers for Indoor Plants, Tested and Reviewed

Help your houseplants thrive by feeding them the best fertilizer for indoor plants.

Best Overall

Bottle of Espoma Organic Indoor Plant Food on a white background

Espoma Organic Indoor Plant Food

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Best Bang For The Buck

Box of Miracle-Gro Water Soluble All-Purpose Plant Food on a white background

Miracle-Gro Water Soluble All-Purpose Plant Food

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Best Organic

Bottle of Neptune’s Harvest Fish-Seaweed Blend Fertilizer on a white background

Neptune’s Harvest Fish-Seaweed Blend Fertilizer

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Plants get nearly all the sustenance they need from water and sunlight, but since houseplants live in containers, they do not receive the essential nutrients they need to remain strong, healthy, and pest-free. Fertilizers act as a nutritional supplement, providing houseplants with a combination of micronutrients and macronutrients that allow them to thrive. 

After researching dozens of the most popular fertilizers for indoor plants, we gathered nine of the top performers. Then we tested them for a month on our own potted plants to learn more about their effectiveness for different plants, soils, and growing environments. Our top recommendation is the Espoma Organic Indoor Plant Food, which comes in a convenient and sturdy bottle allowing for simple application with impressive results. Ahead, preview the list of all our tested products and then follow along as we showcase the best fertilizer for indoor plants.

  1. BEST OVERALL: Espoma Organic Indoor Plant Food
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  2. BEST BANG FOR THE BUCK: Miracle-Gro Water Soluble All-Purpose Plant Food
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  3. BEST ORGANIC: Neptune’s Harvest Fish-Seaweed Blend Fertilizer
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  4. BEST SLOW-RELEASE: Osmocote Outdoor & Indoor Smart-Release Plant Food 
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  5. BEST LIQUID: Dyna-Gro Grow 7-9-5 Liquid Plant Food
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  6. BEST FOR CACTUS: Grow More Cactus Juice Cacti & Succulents Fertilizer
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  7. BEST FOR FLOWERING PLANTS: JR Peters Jack’s Classic 10-30-20 Blossom Booster
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  8. BEST FOR HERBS: Dr. Earth Organic Life All Purpose Fertilizer
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  9. BEST ALL-PURPOSE: JR Peters Jack’s Classic 20-20-20 Plant Food
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A bottle of plant fertilizer being poured into its cap above a water can
Photo: Debbie Wolfe

How We Tested the Best Fertilizers for Indoor Plants

Our tests encompassed different fertilizer types such as organic and synthetic options as well as liquid concentrates, water-soluble granules, and dry-application formulas. To obtain comparable results, we set up a trial with nine groups of five houseplants each. All of the plants were healthy and growing in 6-inch pots. Seven of the groups were made up of common foliage plants like pothos, dracaena, snake plant, and croton, and two specialty groups featured cacti and succulents in addition to flowering houseplants.

We tested these fertilizers from early February through early March, starting as the plants completed a semi-dormant phase. We repotted the plants into fresh potting soils that had no added plant food. After a week of acclimatization in the new soil, we began the recommended fertilization programs as directed on each fertilizer label. 

Throughout testing, we monitored for any changes in plant health and vigor, foliage color, new growth, and infestation by insects or diseases. In addition to these measurements of product effectiveness, we also compared the up-front costs of the products along with the application rates, storage, mixing, and user convenience to get a clearer picture of the overall value. Finally, we recorded our observations, scored each product on a scoring rubric, and then gave the following awards to each product based on performance. 

Testing Stats
Products tested 9
Time spent testing 4 weeks
Tests performed4 to 5
Price range$10 to $20

Our Top Picks

We tested the best indoor plant fertilizers for a range of specific houseplant needs. If you’re looking for the best plant food for your indoor home garden, check out these reviews.

Best Overall

Espoma Organic Indoor Plant Food

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Our Ratings: Ease of Use 4.5/5; Odor 5/5; Effectiveness 4/5; Value 4.5/5

Product Specs 

  • Type: Organic liquid concentrate
  • Size: 8 ounces
  • NPK: 2-2-2

What We Like

  • Balanced NPK in a concentrated liquid formula that’s easy to mix and apply
  • Organic fertilizer includes humic acid and beneficial microbes to maximize plant health
  • Compact size and sturdy bottle make it easy to handle and store 
  • Budget-friendly; one of the most affordable organic fertilizers available

What We Don’t Like

  • 8-ounce size is less economical for big plant collections; larger sizes are not available
  • Requires frequent applications for best results

In our test, the Espoma organic indoor houseplant food proved effective and easy to use. The small size and sturdy bottle made it easy to work with and simple to store. The mild formula did not deliver a fast burst of growth, but after two applications within a month, the plants grew out healthy and attractive, with no noticeable insect or disease issues. 

It’s worth noting that the fertilizer’s smell was notably less pungent than other organic fertilizers we’ve tested, and the odor did not persist long after application. As a concentrated liquid plant food, we had to mix the product with water. The instructions conveniently referenced filling the cap “halfway” as a measuring tool, but the cap did not have a reference line to show the exact measurement. So we estimated about 2 teaspoons worth in the cap, and it worked out just fine.

While buyers may be able to take advantage of periodic sale prices, even at the base price we were pleased to note that it was the most affordable organic houseplant fertilizer we tested in terms of both the purchase price and cost per application. The natural plant food ingredients and added beneficial microbes are proven to enhance nutrient absorption and minimize waste when used as directed.

Read our full review: Espoma Organic Indoor Plant Food

Get the Espoma fertilizer for indoor plants at Amazon, Ace Hardware, or Target.

Best Bang for the Buck

Miracle-Gro Water Soluble All-Purpose Plant Food

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Our Ratings: Ease of Use 4.5/5; Odor 5/5; Effectiveness 4/5; Value 4.5/5

Product Specs 

  • Type: Water-soluble granules
  • Size: 0.5, 3, 5, 5.5, 6.25, and 10 pounds
  • NPK: 24-8-16

What We Like

  • General purpose 24-8-16 formula promotes growth and overall plant health
  • One 8-ounce package can fertilize houseplants for a whole season
  • Works for both houseplants and outdoor garden plants
  • Lowest purchase price and the lowest cost per application of all the fertilizers we tested

What We Don’t Like

  • The low phosphorus ratio is not ideal for flowering plants
  • Highly concentrated formula may contribute to nutrient pollution if not applied correctly

Miracle-Gro has been around for generations, and our test results show the reason why. It was easy to use, easy to store, produced zero smell, delivered fast results, and was the least expensive of all the fertilizers tested on a per-application basis. 

Sustainability can be a complicated discussion when it comes to fertilizer, but the makers of this chemical-based plant food made a good effort. The highly concentrated fertilizer granules were vacuum sealed inside a plastic bag packed in a recyclable cardboard box. Minimal packaging paired with a high fertilizer density makes for an efficient system that generates less plastic waste over time than any of the organic fertilizers, packed in plastic bags and jugs, that we tested.

To mix up a batch, we used the included measuring scoop to add the granules to the watering can first, and then added water. The granules instantly dissolved without clumping, and no stirring was necessary. The solution gave off no smell. We swept up the few spilled granules and returned them to the package.

We fed our plants twice with Miracle-Gro—the first time a week after repotting and the second time 2 weeks later. We liked alternating plant food applications with plain water between feedings to prevent buildup of plant food residue in the soil. The plants responded well. They all sent out a flush of fresh new growth that began about 2 days after the first treatment. By the end of the test month, the new growth was beginning to harden off and the plants looked great. 

Our only concern with this fertilizer, which we could not test with the time or equipment we had available, was the potential for nutrient runoff. This occurs when unused, water-soluble nutrients flow out of the soil with later watering, which not only wastes nutrients but can subsequently contribute to pollution. Excess nitrogen and phosphorus from private septic systems and municipal sewage treatment facilities can contaminate groundwater and cause unchecked algae growth in streams, lakes, and rivers. Users are advised to capture and reuse houseplant drain water, thereby reducing the risk of nutrient runoff. 

This product is highly concentrated, so we used caution to only soak the soil—but not to the point of runoff—when feeding. But any unused plant food would have been flushed out the following week when we heavily applied plain water. Even with careful fertilizing and watering, it’s best to save drain water when using this and other water-soluble fertilizers.

Get the Miracle-Gro fertilizer for indoor plants at Amazon, Lowe’s, Ace Hardware, The Home Depot, or Walmart.

Best Organic

Neptune’s Harvest Fish-Seaweed Blend Fertilizer

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Our Ratings: Ease of Use 4.5/5; Odor 3/5; Effectiveness 4/5; Value 4/5

Product Specs 

  • Type: Liquid 
  • Size: 18 ounces, 36 ounces, 1 gallon, and 5 gallons
  • NPK: 2-3-1

What We Like

  • A short list of minimally processed natural plant food ingredients
  • OMRI listed for use in organic gardening and farming systems
  • Concentrated liquid formula is easy to mix and easy to apply
  • Generous phosphorus content is ideal for stimulating root and flower production

What We Don’t Like

  • Strong fish smell lingers around recently fed plants for about a day
  • Does not include a measuring cup or spoon for mixing the solution

This organic fertilizer from Neptune’s Harvest is formulated with a combination of fresh fish and seaweed from the North Atlantic. It’s certified by OMRI, so users can rest assured that it’s made exclusively with natural and organic ingredients. 

We loved the results from Neptune’s Harvest fish and seaweed fertilizer, but the smell could be overwhelming. We mixed the concentrate with water according to the label instructions and fed our plants every 2 weeks. The results after our month-long test were excellent: lush new growth and no symptoms of overfertilization or infestation. 

One detail we found lacking in this product was a measuring device. Although we discovered that one capful approximates the required tablespoon per gallon of water, measuring with the cap was messy. Unlike the purpose-designed cap of the Espoma product above, this is just a regular cap. It needed to be thoroughly cleaned after measuring, or else the bottle would become a smelly mess.

And the smell is acute, especially in its undiluted state. It is not horrible like rotten fish but just an intense fish smell that lingers for a day or so after feeding. In a poorly ventilated space, it may not be ideal. But the nutrient analysis is just right for stimulating root and bud development, so this could be an excellent choice for cultivating seedlings, reducing transplant shock, and boosting flowering plants.

Get the Neptune’s Harvest fertilizer for indoor plants at Amazon, Gardener’s Supply Company, or Burpee.

Best Slow-Release

Osmocote Outdoor & Indoor Smart-Release Plant Food

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Our Ratings: Ease of Use 5/5; Odor 5/5; Effectiveness 4/5; Value 5/5

Product Specs

  • Type: Slow-release pellets
  • Size: 1, 2, 4.5, and 8 pounds
  • NPK: 15-9-12

What We Like

  • Continuously feeds potted plants or garden beds for up to 6 months
  • Available in 4 different sizes for smaller or larger gardens
  • Outstanding value because of the fertilizer value and labor savings

What We Don’t Like

  • Difficult to measure the right amount accurately for pots less than 1 quart (less than 6-inch diameter)

We anticipated some difficulty gauging the effectiveness of a slow-release fertilizer, but we were pleasantly surprised. In addition to being extremely easy to apply, the Osmocote fertilizer also delivered noticeable results within our testing time frame.

We used the included measuring scoop to apply the fertilizer pellets on the soil surface in each pot. To reduce the chance of the loose pellets washing, blowing, or falling out, we gently drilled them into the soil surface with a chopstick. (An easier method would have been to mix the fertilizer with the potting soil at repotting time.) After that, we simply watered as needed, which was about once a week.

The test plants perked up and began adding new growth right on schedule. Within a month they had a nice new flush of foliage maturing. Everything about them looked strong and healthy. The best part was that we didn’t need to mix up fertilizer or follow a weekly or biweekly routine throughout the growing season.

Although the purchase price was slightly higher than some of the other fertilizers we used, Osmocote’s value shines through in the season-long feeding that it provides. It worked out to be one of the least expensive options on a cost-per-application basis (approximately $.32 per application for 2 gallons of soil), and it eliminated the hassle of mixing solutions and keeping up with a feeding schedule. Twice a year would suffice.

Get the Osmocote fertilizer for indoor plants at Amazon, Lowe’s, Ace Hardware, The Home Depot, or Walmart.

Best Liquid

Dyna-Gro Grow 7-9-5 Liquid Plant Food

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Our Ratings: Ease of Use 4/5; Odor 5/5; Effectiveness 4/5; Value 4/5

Product Specs 

  • Type: Water-soluble 
  • Size: 8 ounces, 32 ounces, and 1 gallon
  • NPK: 7-9-5

What We Like

  • Balanced nutrient formula is perfect for flowering plants and foliage plants
  • Ultraconcentrated liquid is a budget-friendly choice for feeding large plant collections
  • In addition to potted plants, this product can be used in hydroponics and outdoor gardens

What We Don’t Like

  • The highly concentrated formula is difficult to measure accurately in small amounts

Measuring the minuscule amount of concentrate needed for a quart of plant food (a quarter of a quarter teaspoon, or .042 ounce) was the most difficult part of working with the Dyna-Gro fertilizer. Because of the tiny amount required, we mixed up a gallon of fertilizer solution and stored the extra three quarts until needed. This supplied enough plant food for the whole month-long product test but required us to store the extra solution. Of course, users with larger plant collections likely would not run into this issue because they would probably use up at least a gallon of plant food at a time.

We liked that this fertilizer contained a well-rounded balance of micronutrients in addition to the NPK content. It provided 2 percent calcium, along with traces of magnesium, boron, chlorine, cobalt, copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum, sodium, and zinc—all of which are required for long-term plant health. 

Our results with Dyna-Gro were similar to those using Osmocote, but not as rapid as with Miracle-Gro. The plants produced a healthy flush of new foliage with no symptoms of stress, disease, or insect infestation. This was the only synthetic fertilizer that we applied with each watering, so our long-term concern was that residue could accumulate in the soil and cause problems with extended use. When using this product long-term, buyers should monitor their plants for signs of stress and flush the soil with clear water. 

We also noted that the manufacturer offers recommendations for different application rates to fit a variety of growing situations. Users may feed at each watering (as we did) with a solution of ¼ or ½ teaspoon per gallon of water, or increase the ratio to 1 teaspoon per gallon for a biweekly or monthly feeding schedule. Instructions are also given for use in hydroponic systems, siphon feeders, irrigation injectors, or for foliar spray.

Get the Dyna-Gro fertilizer for indoor plants at Amazon or Greenhouse Megastore.

Best for Cactus

Grow More Cactus Juice Cacti & Succulents Fertilizer

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Our Ratings: Ease of Use 4.5/5; Odor 5/5; Effectiveness 4/5; Value 4.5/5

Product Specs 

  • Type: Liquid
  • Size: 16 ounces
  • NPK: 1-7-6

What We Like

  • Specially formulated with low nitrogen for cacti and succulents
  • Value price point; a great choice for feeding large cacti collections
  • Includes NPK plus calcium to support healthy plant tissue and drought resistance

What We Don’t Like

  • Must be applied frequently for best results
  • Specifically for cacti and succulents; not recommended for use on other plants

It was much more difficult to gauge our success with Cactus Juice compared to the other fertilizers we tested. The test cacti simply didn’t grow as quickly as other types of houseplants, and we didn’t expect them to. But they looked great and continued to improve throughout the month of testing. The color of the foliage deepened noticeably, and the first hints of flower buds began to appear by the end of the month. In short, everything progressed as it should.

Like most of the other liquid fertilizers we tested, this one did not include a measuring device. Using a measuring spoon to gauge the bottle cap volume, we found that half a capful approximates a teaspoon, so we used it to measure afterward. But then we had to clean it thoroughly before replacing it on the bottle. The tall, narrow 16-ounce bottle itself was easy to handle and poured cleanly.

Get the Grow More fertilizer for indoor plants at Amazon, The Home Depot, or Do My Own.

Best for Flowering Plants

JR Peters Jack’s Classic 10-30-20 Blossom Booster

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Our Ratings: Ease of Use 4.5/5; Odor 5/5; Effectiveness 4/5; Value 5/5

Product Specs 

  • Type: Water-soluble granules
  • Size: 1.5 pounds
  • NPK: 10-30-20

What We Like

  • The 10-30-20 NPK content is perfect for flowering plants indoors or outdoors
  • It’s also suitable for boosting vegetable and fruit production in the garden
  • Nourishes plants by feeding through both the roots and the leaves

What We Don’t Like

  • Highly concentrated, immediate-release fertilizer risks overfertilizing if not used according to the label instructions

We fed Jack’s Classic Blossom Booster to two African violets, two Reiger begonias, and a phalaenopsis orchid. It’s important to note that all of these plants had just completed a resting phase when we started the feeding test. By the end of the month, both the violets and begonias had begun to produce an abundance of new flowers, while the orchid had begun to produce a new flower spike. 

The fertilizer arrived sealed inside a plastic bag, packed in a plastic tub, and came with its own measuring scoop. The granules dissolved instantly in water with no clumps and no need to stir. 

The 1.5-pound size could be a bit much for those with just one or two plants. However, it is labeled for use on “all indoor and outdoor flowering plants,” so even plant lovers with just a handful of house and patio plants will likely find it broadly useful. At about $.04 per feeding, this specialty plant food was very cost-effective and produced really good results for very different types of flowering plants in our test.

Get the JR Peters Blossom Booster fertilizer for indoor plants at Amazon.

Best for Herbs

Dr. Earth Organic Life All Purpose Fertilizer

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Our Ratings: Ease of Use 5/5; Odor 4/5; Effectiveness 4/5; Value 4/5

Product Specs

  • Type: Slow-release pellets
  • Size: 1, 4, 12, and 40 pounds
  • NPK: 4-6-5

What We Like

  • Organic plant food ingredients are minimally processed from natural sources
  • Suitable for use on culinary herbs and other edible plants
  • Dry formula is easy to apply with a measuring spoon or cup
  • Available in assorted sizes ranging from 1 to 40 pounds

What We Don’t Like

  • Bulkier and more expensive per application than many of the other products we tested

We noted that this Dr. Earth fertilizer smells mildly like a hayfield, probably due to the high alfalfa meal content. It also contains fish bone meal, fish meal, and kelp meal that (thankfully) did not emit a noticeable fishy smell while packaged or after application. We used it on potted herb plants in our trial.

As with the Osmocote product, we only needed to apply the Dr. Earth plant food at the beginning of the 4-week test period and then watered as necessary. By the end of the month, our plants looked great, with a beautiful new flush of fresh foliage and buds. The fertilizer was easy to apply, although no measuring scoop was included, and because it contains no animal manure, it produced none of the “off” smells often associated with organics. 

The two areas where this product lagged the competition were cost and bulk. The 4-pound bag that we used was larger and less convenient for storage than the others listed, and more product (by volume) is needed per feeding. Also, at $.32 per application, it came in as the second most expensive fertilizer we tested. But for shoppers who are most interested in working with nature to improve the soil and growing edible plants with a reduced risk of nutrient runoff, this Dr. Earth product is one of the best houseplant fertilizers available.

Get the Dr. Earth fertilizer for indoor plants at Amazon or Ace Hardware.

Best All-Purpose

JR Peters Jack’s Classic 20-20-20 Plant Food

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Our Ratings: Ease of Use 4.5/5; Odor 5/5; Effectiveness 4/5; Value 4.5/5

Product Specs

  • Type: Water-soluble granules
  • Size: 8 ounces, 1.5 pounds, 4 pounds, and 10 pounds
  • NPK: 20-20-20

What We Like

  • The balanced 20-20-20 formula works for most plant types indoors and out
  • Water-soluble granules are easy to measure, mix, apply, and store
  • Affordable price at only $.04 per application in our tests

What We Don’t Like

  • Careless use may lead to plant damage or nutrient pollution

This water-soluble plant food was very easy to mix and store. It arrived sealed in a plastic bag that was packed with a measuring scoop inside a plastic tub. As with Miracle-Gro and the other JR Peters product we tested, the granules dissolved instantly in water and were easy to sweep up if some fell on the work surface. 

Our plants appreciated the quick burst of nutrients with each feeding. After the first application, we noted deep greening of the foliage within 3 days and new bud development within a week. The effect of the second application was less like flipping on a light switch and more like nudging a merry-go-round that is already in motion. Growth continued to progress, culminating in a lush new foliage display by month’s end. The plants grew well but not so aggressively that they appeared out of balance. 

We liked the ease of use and low cost of the Jack’s Classic product, but buyers should use caution. Mix and apply strictly according to the label directions to avoid overfertilizing, waste, and excessive nutrient runoff.

Get the JR Peters 20-20-20 fertilizer for indoor plants at Amazon.

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What to Consider When Choosing a Fertilizer for Indoor Plants

While it’s easy to assume that all indoor plant fertilizers offer similar performance, several factors affect their functionality. Keep reading to learn about several of the most important features to consider when choosing the best houseplant fertilizer.

Types of Fertilizers for Indoor Plants

The three primary types of houseplant fertilizer are liquid, granular, and slow-release pellets. Each kind has advantages and disadvantages. 


Before applying it to a plant’s leaves or soil, a liquid fertilizer must be mixed with water, which requires some additional measuring. However, the water makes liquid plant foods easier to apply sparingly and avoid overfertilization. Liquid plant foods are typically best for those with many houseplants because a large amount of water must be used to dilute very little fertilizer. However, liquid indoor plant fertilizers move through soil and plant systems rapidly and must be applied frequently—every 1 to 2 weeks. 


Granular fertilizers are affordable and effective. Simply sprinkle the fertilizer on top of the soil, then mix or water it in. Synthetic fertilizer granules gradually dissolve as the plant is watered, typically within about 30 days. Organic plant food nutrients are released by soil microbial activity, also within about a month. Use a granular houseplant fertilizer when initially planting or repotting a plant so it can be thoroughly mixed into the soil. It typically must be reapplied after 4 to 6 weeks.

Slow Release

Slow-release indoor plant fertilizers come in several formats, including pellets, spikes, pods, and capsules. Because they emit nutrients gradually, they can last from 3 to 6 months. They’re typically only available in traditional—not organic—formulas.

NPK Ratio and Plant Species

The best fertilizers contain a mixture of macronutrients—nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K)—along with traces of micronutrients. The balance of these three macronutrients is represented by its NPK guaranteed analysis, which is listed on the fertilizer’s packaging. For example, a guaranteed analysis of 10-10-10 means that 10 percent of the fertilizer, by weight, is nitrogen; 10 percent is phosphorus; and 10 percent is potassium. The remaining 70 percent can be made up of any combination of micronutrients and inert ingredients. Explicit details are shown on the back of the houseplant fertilizer label. 

The guaranteed analysis is sometimes converted to an NPK ratio. For instance, 10-10-10 fertilizer has a ratio of 1-1-1, whereas 10-30-20 fertilizer has an NPK ratio of 1-3-2. The NPK ratio is a good way to compare different brands and formulations of fertilizers. Three different fertilizers may have three different analyses, for example, 5-5-5, 10-10-10, and 20-20-20, but the same 1-1-1 NPK ratio. This comparison could indicate that the products may work for the same plant types, using different application rates.

Because each plant species has different nutritional needs, a “perfect” NPK ratio doesn’t exist. Generally, green houseplants require a balanced NPK ratio or one that’s slightly higher in nitrogen. A higher balance of phosphorus is particularly beneficial for flowering plants such as African violets, oxalis, and peace lilies. Phosphorus also aids in fruit production, making it beneficial to edible plants. Potassium is closely linked to general plant health, healthy cellular structure, and drought resistance.

Organic or Traditional

One of the primary decisions shoppers must make is choosing between a traditional or an organic fertilizer. 

  • Organic fertilizers are made entirely from minimally processed natural ingredients. Although organic fertilizers are free of potentially harmful chemicals and synthetics, their nutrient values aren’t as concentrated as traditional products. Moreover, over time, their natural content can emit an unpleasant odor. Since the marketing term “natural” isn’t regulated particularly well in fertilizers, look for a product that’s been approved for certified organic use by the OMRI. 
  • Traditional, or synthetic, houseplant fertilizers contain a blend of minerals balanced for feeding houseplants. Typically costing less than organic fertilizers, they come in more concentrated formulas. 


A fertilizer’s ease of application depends largely on whether it’s a liquid, granular, or slow-release formula. 

  • Liquid fertilizers must be diluted with water according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Pour liquid fertilizers onto the plant’s soil, or if directed by the manufacturer’s instructions, some liquid fertilizers may be absorbed through plant foliage. 
  • Granular fertilizers can be sprinkled evenly on the soil’s surface and mixed into the top 3 inches of soil before it’s watered, which releases the nutrients. 
  • Slow-release fertilizers vary in application method. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for fertilizing with pods, spikes, pellets, or capsules. 

Tips for Using the Best Fertilizer for Indoor Plants

Following these tips help ensure your plants thrive without risking overfertilization.

  • Since all fertilizers are different, follow the instructions on the manufacturer’s label.
  • Avoid over-fertilization. Reduce your fertilizing schedule if your plant’s leaves droop or begin to look burnt at the edges. 
  • Avoid fertilizing plants that are stressed by drought, disease, or insect infestation. Treat the problem first, then fertilize after the plant recovers.
  • Know how to recognize nutritional deficiency based on leaf color: Browning leaves lack potassium; yellow leaves indicate nitrogen deficiency; and purple leaves often mean the plant lacks phosphorus. 
  • There’s no need to fertilize most houseplants during their dormant season if you live in an area that experiences standard seasonal temperature changes. 


While you now know more about choosing the best plant fertilizer for indoor plants, you might still want more information about how to use it. Here are some answers to some of the most frequently asked questions about fertilizing indoor plants. 

Q. Why do indoor plants need fertilizer?

Houseplants have been removed from their natural habitat and are therefore lacking the macronutrients and micronutrients present in their native soil that help them remain healthy. Fertilizers supplement these nutrients. 

Q. What’s in houseplant fertilizer?

Houseplant fertilizers contain a mixture of macronutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium) and micronutrients that supplement the nutrients already in the plant’s soil. You can also make your own plant fertilizer at home with a few simple ingredients.

Q. How do I fertilize indoor plants?

The fertilization method depends on the chosen formula. Add powder and granular fertilizers to the plant’s soil, and then water. Dilute liquid fertilizers with water before application. 

Q. How often should I fertilize indoor houseplants?

The ideal fertilization schedule depends on the type of fertilizer you choose. Liquid fertilizer should be applied every 2 to 4 weeks, whereas a granular fertilizer only needs to be applied every 4 to 6 weeks. Fertilize with a slow-release formula every 3 to 6 months. 

Q. Can you overfertilize houseplants?

Overfertilization is a common problem with houseplants. The signs of overfertilization vary depending on the plant species, but they include symptoms like wilting, burnt leaves, and dried leaf margins. 

Q. When should I fertilize indoor plants?

Indoor plants typically don’t need fertilizing during their dormant season, which usually takes place over the winter. Start fertilizing your houseplants in early spring, about 8 weeks before the last expected frost. In areas that don’t experience winter frosts, reduce applications to half strength. 

Meet the Tester

Mark Wolfe is a writer and product tester with a background in the nursery and landscaping industry. For more than 20 years, he mowed, edged, planted, pruned, cultivated, irrigated, and renovated beautiful landscapes. Now he tests and writes reviews about the latest outdoor power equipment, hand tools, lawn-care products, and other outdoor-living goods.

Additional research provided by Savannah Sher.


Savannah Sher Avatar

Savannah Sher

Contributing Writer

Savannah Sher started writing for BobVila.com in 2020 and has worked as a content writer since 2016. She specializes in home and gardening but also covers lifestyle, beauty, fashion, and pop culture for other publications. She writes both direct-to-consumer and B2B content.