Plants need light, oxygen, water, and a growing medium that meets their nutritional needs. Commercial and natural fertilizers can provide essential nutrients that soil may lack. Still, to get the correct type of fertilizer, the gardener should first know the condition of the existing soil.
Testing garden soil is the best way to determine what it needs—if anything—and how much. Soil testers and test kits range from simple pH strips to complex chemicals that pinpoint deficiencies. A variety of soil testing kits are available, but how reliable are they? Home gardeners rely on these kits when deciding whether to amend their soil, so I wanted to ensure the kits provided accurate results.
The best soil test kit to help achieve one gardener’s goals may not be the best for another because various kits offer different kinds of results. I tested multiple kits for accuracy, dependability, and ease of use. Ahead, learn what to look for when shopping for a soil test kit, and find out why the following products are well suited for helping determine soil deficiencies. Also, find out the pros and cons of each product that I discovered during my hands-on tests.
- BEST OVERALL: MySoil-Soil Test Kit
- RUNNER-UP: Soil Savvy Soil Test Kit
- BEST BANG FOR THE BUCK: Atree Soil pH Meter, 3-in-1 Soil Tester Kit
- BEST PH STRIPS: Garden Tutor Soil pH Test Strips Kit
- BEST CHEMICAL TEST: Luster Leaf 1662 Soil Test Kit
- BEST DIGITAL TEST: Luster Leaf 1605 Digital Soil Test Kit
- BEST FOR CROPS: Whitetail Institute Laboratory Soil Test Kit
- BEST PRECISION PH: Bluelab Soil pH Pen
- ALSO CONSIDER: Kensizer 3-in-1 Soil Moisture/Light/pH Meter
What to Consider When Choosing the Best Soil Test Kit
Many gardeners and home landscapers buy fertilizer and soil amendment products that promise to produce robust plant growth, improve soil structure, or result in abundant blooms. Still, unless the products provide what the soil lacks, the results may not be what the gardener expected. In some cases—such as adding fertilizer to nutrient-dense soil—plants may even suffer from fertilizer burn. Soil testing takes the guesswork out of gardening and landscaping, and that’s why I tested the top soil test products on the market today.
Soil quality varies from location to location. The soil in some regions might be perfect for growing vegetables and flowers, while the soil someplace else must be heavily amended with organic matter to grow anything. The following four common types of soil have different properties:
- Silt: Fine and soft, silt grains are smaller than grains of sand. Silty soil is associated with prior flooding that washed topsoil downstream. Silty soils are suitable for growing most types of plants but will benefit from adding organic matter to help increase drainage. Depending on its nutrient content, silt may also require a fertilizer.
- Loamy: An optimal blend of silt, sand, clay, and organic matter, loamy soil is a gardener’s best friend. It drains well, yet resists compaction as it dries out. It’s suitable for growing fruits, vegetables, and most types of flowers and shrubs.
- Clay: While clay soil is full of nutrients, it’s composed of ultra-fine particles that stick together when wet and become rock-hard when dry. Plants don’t grow well in clay soil because their roots can’t push as easily through thick clay as they can with other soil types. Clay soil must be amended with organic matter, such as compost, to help aerate the soil and make it suitable for growing plants.
- Sandy: Better than clay because it offers spaces between the grains for roots to grow, but not as nutrient-dense as loam, sandy soil drains well. It is suitable for growing bulbs, such as tulips, and root crops, including potatoes and carrots. When preparing soil for the upcoming growing season, adding organic matter will help it retain moisture when growing other types of plants.
Several soil-testing products are available to determine the amounts of various nutrients and macronutrients in the soil. Among the most comprehensive tests are those that involve taking soil samples and sending them to a lab for analysis. Still, at-home kits and instruments like these can be of help.
- Strips: A simple type of soil test, pH strips are coated bits of paper that determine the current acidity or alkalinity level of the soil. The gardener mixes soil with distilled water, using the recommended ratio on the package instructions. (Tap water can influence the pH readout.) After inserting the test strip in the solution, the resulting color of the strip lets the gardener know whether the soil in the garden is acidic or alkaline. A chart usually comes with pH test strips so users can compare the colors.
- Analog: These testers are commonly used to test soil for moisture content, pH levels, and some may even test the quantity of the light in specific locations. They feature aluminum probes to be inserted in the soil when taking readings. Some may use batteries, but many analog testers react to wetness in the ground and often don’t need batteries.
- Digital: Like analog soil testers, digital soil testers often come with probes to insert in the ground to determine moisture content and pH levels. They usually require batteries and may also be used in conjunction with chemical testing to help determine nutrient levels, such as the amount of nitrogen or potash in the soil.
- Chemical: At-home chemical soil tests require adding a drop or two of a specific chemical called a “reagent” to a soil sample. The reaction helps show the health of the soil. Chemical soil tests are suitable for testing one or more factors, including pH, and specific nutrients, such as nitrogen or calcium.
- Professional: The most reliable of all soil tests, professional tests require the gardener to collect a soil sample. The sample is mailed to a laboratory, where it’s analyzed for structure and a variety of nutrients. Then the lab sends the results and soil recommendations back to the gardener.
Testing kits and instruments commonly help pinpoint soil characteristics. Knowing the makeup of the soil helps you better maintain your garden. Keep in mind that various plants have specific nutrient requirements, so it’s essential to research the plant that will be grown before adding nutrients.
- Macronutrients: The three most common macronutrients needed for healthy plant growth are nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K). Every bag of fertilizer will list an NPK number that identifies the amount of each of these three nutrients. The types of N, P, and K nutrients come in various forms, such as potassium carbonate for phosphorus, and urea or anhydrous ammonia for nitrogen. In general, all the NPK varieties perform similar functions. The key is knowing which specific nutrient that a plant needs and then using the soil test results to add a fertilizer formulation that helps balance nutrient levels.
- Micronutrients: Plants may require trace minerals as well as macronutrients, and a soil tester that pinpoints micronutrients, such as copper, iron, and manganese, tells the gardener if too much or not enough of these nutrients is in the soil.
- Acid or alkaline: The pH scale runs from 0 to 14, with 7 being neutral. Most garden plants prefer slightly acidic soil, between 6 and 7. However, some plants such as lilac and clematis prefer slightly alkaline soils, while azaleas prefer acidic (5.5) conditions.
- Temperature: Testing soil temperature is much like testing human temperature; the tester has a thermometer that indicates how warm or cool the soil is. This is helpful for commercial growers who want to start production as early in the spring as possible. It also can be helpful for hobby gardeners who want to make sure the soil is warm enough before they set out seedlings.
- Light: Because plants need various amounts of light, a light meter can help determine whether a location will be optimal for a specific plant variety. While plants have different light needs, all need some light for photosynthesis, which is how the plant synthesizes water and carbon dioxide into food. Most at-home light meters will display low, medium, and high lighting conditions. A gardener can use these readings to determine whether a plant is receiving enough light (or too much light) in a specific spot.
- Moisture: One of the most common soil tests is for moisture, and it’s used to determine whether the soil is draining well. Moisture meters usually have a gauge that allows the gardener to see if the soil is dry, moist, or wet.
Soil test kits vary in accuracy, with professional lab tests ranking as the most accurate. The quality and composition of the soil may also vary from one end of the garden to the other based on the amount of light that a specific spot gets, whether leaves fall and decompose in one spot, or what types of plants were grown there in the past. For example, plants in the legume family, such as soybeans or clover, can add nitrogen to the soil.
Choosing the most accurate test or tester can prove challenging, but look for features such as large, easy-to-read gauges on analog testers and probes that are solidly attached. Chemical kits should offer multiple testing processes for double-checking results, and pH test strips will be most accurate before their expiration date. No matter the individual test kit, gardeners can help avoid mistakes by performing multiple tests in different spots.
Speed of Results
The quickest results come from tests that determine pH and moisture. At-home test kits and instruments can determine these two factors in mere seconds. Testing for other nutrients may take longer, especially if the soil has to be combined with water and then allowed to settle before performing a chemical test. Light and moisture meters can often determine results in a few minutes. Retesting can be done as often as desired to get an idea of light quality during different times of the day and to see whether moisture evaporates more quickly from soil during higher outdoor temps.
The longest wait period comes when seeking professional laboratory results. The gardener must gather the soil samples, place them in a package, and mail the package to the laboratory. Depending on the speed of the lab, it may take a few days to test the sample and then a few extra days to get the results. Some labs can send results by email, which speeds up the process by a couple of days.
Ease of Use
Test kits that feature pH strips and meters with probes are simple to use and self-explanatory for the most part, but the best soil test kits come with directions on how to handle the strips and the probes, in addition to offering information for understanding the relevance of the test results. Chemical test kits can be more complex, but they come with instructions on gathering soil samples, mixing them, and choosing the chemicals to use when conducting specific nutrient tests. Chemical kits often come with charts that explain what the different results mean, such as various color changes that occur when testing for particular macronutrients and micronutrients.
Our Top Picks
The kits I tested had to be accurate and relatively simple to use to earn a spot on this lineup. Test kits and equipment vary by the type of test being performed, so some are better suited to home gardeners, while others appeal to commercial and agricultural growers. I tested a range of kits—some required mailing off a soil sample for professional analysis, some involved chemical testing at home, and others required nothing more than sticking a probe in the soil.
For professional results, check out the MySoil Test Kit, which allows gardeners to gather soil samples and have them professionally tested. The MySoil kit offers an in-depth analysis, revealing the amounts of micronutrients, NPK, and macronutrients in the tested soil.
With the MySoil Kit, I registered online and followed detailed instructions, gathering a large amount of soil from various areas of the property, mixing it together well, and filling the provided testing cup with the soil blend. Then I sent my soil sample to MySoil as well as an additional soil sample to Kansas State University’s agricultural department so I would have a quality comparison.
I received an email 6 days later with the results of the soil tests. I was impressed with the comprehensive results I received. The lab listed the levels of existing nutrients, including nitrogen, potassium, sulfur, calcium, iron, and more, and then compared my soil’s levels with optimal levels, which were also listed for each nutrient. I also received a bar chart that allowed me to visually see and compare the results, making them simple to understand.
Best of all, when the soil results from K-State came back, they were very close to the MySoil results, making me feel very comfortable with the quality of the MySoil lab results I received.
- Type of test: Professional, mail-in
- Tests for: Wide range of mineral, pH, and micronutrients
- Result time: Results by email within 6 to 8 days of mailing the sample
- Soil results for a wide range of tests
- Easy-to-follow soil-collection and mailing instructions
- Detailed and easy-to-understand results
- No print option available on the website
Get the MySoil soil test kit on Amazon or Walmart.
The Soil Savvy soil test kit offers a professional soil analysis as well as custom fertilizer recommendations. It comes with a scoop, a collection cup that contains liquid and a plastic ball, a prepaid postage envelope, and complete instructions for collecting and submitting a soil sample.
As with the other soil samples I sent in the mail for professional testing, I used the same soil I’d gathered from various spots and then blended well. I spooned the soil into the cup, sealed it, and then went online and registered the barcode that came with the kit.
The lab took a little longer than I’d anticipated to get back to me, but in 11 days, I got an email directing me to log on for my results. I was impressed by the accuracy of the test results—they were right in line with the K-State results, and I also received customized recommendations for amending my soil to make it healthier. The Soil Savvy recommendations were broken down by synthetic and organic fertilizers—telling me exactly how much of each to apply per 1,000 square feet to amend the soil.
Soil Savvy could have provided a better explanation of the results, however. I understand what nutrient ratios are, but a newbie gardener might benefit from further explanation of what the numbers mean. The lab tested for the 13 most-common nutrients plus pH level.
- Type of test: Professional, mail-in
- Tests for: 13 nutrients plus pH level
- Result time: 11 days from when the sample was mailed
- Tests for 13 nutrients plus pH
- Easy-to-follow soil-collection instructions
- Detailed recommendations for synthetic and organic amendments
- Could use a better explanation of the results
- It took the longest of all labs to get results.
Get the Soil Savvy soil test kit on Amazon, and Harris Seeds.
Not all gardeners need or want a nutritional analysis of their soil. Some just want to know the pH level or how much light a plant would receive in a specific location. The Atree Soil pH Meter provides those answers accurately and at an affordable price.
I tested the Atree meter by inserting it in various spots in my flower garden. Over the years, I’ve added amendments, such as sulfur, to specific areas where acid-loving plants are growing, and I was curious whether this simple tester would pick up on that. It did—the soil around my hydrangeas, which I’ve amended heavily, tested at 6 on the pH scale, while the soil around my daisies registered at 6.8. Both seemed accurate based on my historical knowledge of my soil and the amendments I’ve made.
I then tested both moisture and light levels in various garden spots, and the Atree again seemed accurate. While this tester didn’t determine things like specific nutrient levels, I found that this tester would be great for gardeners who are happy with the health of their soil but would like to know if the light is adequate or whether the soil is draining well. The Atree did a good job at measuring both.
- Type of test: Analog probe
- Tests for: Moisture, pH, light
- Result time: Immediate for moisture and pH, 10 minutes for light
- Simple to use
- No batteries needed
- Immediate or near-immediate results
- Test as often as desired
- Doesn’t test for specific nutrients
Get the Atree soil meter at Amazon.
Garden Tutor’s test strips offer quick results in determining the acid/alkaline content of indoor or outdoor soil. The kit contains 100 test strips and also includes a 16-page handbook that lists optimal pH levels for growing various plants.
I found the Garden Tutor Soil pH Test Strips to accurately determine the pH levels in various parts of my flower garden. The simplest of all the kits I tested, I had to mix soil from a specific area of my garden with water and then dip in a pH test strip. In a few seconds, sensitive tabs on the test strip turned color, and I visually matched them to the color-coded chart on the outside of the bottle to determine the amount of acid or alkalinity of the soil.
I tested the soil in an area I knew had a lower pH because I’d been adding pH-lowering amendments for years. The Garden Tutor test strips determined that level to be 6.1, which sounded close, and was in line with other pH tests I performed. I then tested the soil in a spot I knew was more alkaline, and I got a higher pH reading.
The strips come with a booklet that lists a number of common plants and their pH needs, which I found valuable, especially for newbie gardeners.
One thing I wish the manufacturer would have included, however, was a moisture-absorbent pack with the strips. The bottle was sealed, but once opened, the strips could have been exposed to humid air which might have reduced their shelf life. I used about 20 strips in my initial tests, and all were fine. Three weeks later, however, the pH pads had all turned brownish, which I suspected was due to moist air getting in the bottle.
- Type of test: Strips
- Tests for: pH levels
- Result time: Within 20 seconds of testing
- Quick and accurate pH test results
- Simple to use and read
- 100 test strips for lots of testing
- Poor packaging led to short shelf life for strips
Get the Garden Tutor soil test kit at Amazon, and Walmart.
In addition to determining the pH level of soil, the Luster Leaf Soil Test Kit pinpoints the amount of the three most common soil macronutrients: nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. There’s no need for the user to send a sample to a laboratory with this chemical test.
When I first opened the Luster Leaf test kit case, I was surprised by the number of vials and bottles of solutions. It didn’t look very easy. After reading the instructions, I found it was actually pretty simple. Testing involved gathering soil, putting a tiny bit in a glass vial, then adding a specific liquid and/or powder (depending on the test), and shaking the vial. I was then able to compare the color of the liquid in the vial to an included chart to get the results.
To determine the accuracy of the Luster Leaf tests, I compared the results I got from the chart with the professional results I got from the mail-in soil tests. Although I’d gathered the soil for the Luster Leaf test from a different spot, the NPK results were close to the lab results. For an at-home test, I was pretty impressed. (The pH, on the other hand, tested lower than the lab tests but the soil where I took the sample for this test had been previously amended to lower pH.)
The downside? The manufacturer says the kit will perform 40 tests. I found that to be inaccurate. I followed the instructions carefully and had only enough solution to do about 15 tests.
- Type of test: Chemical (at home)
- Tests for: pH, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium
- Result time: Varies by the test but all within a few minutes
- Accurate for testing nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium
- Results similar to professional lab results
- Easy-to-follow instructions
- Not enough solution for 40 tests
Get the Luster Leaf soil test kit at Amazon, and Walmart.
The second Luster Leaf kit in the lineup tests for nitrogen, phosphorus, and potash, but it takes some of the complexity out of testing via the use of color-coded capsules. It also takes the guesswork out of matching the results with its easy-to-read digital display. Everything is color-coded–N, P, and K correspond with purple, blue, and orange, respectively, while green is for pH.
I collected a soil sample, filled one of the four test tubes, and then added filtered water to the tube. I shook the soil and water solution and then inserted a color-coded capsule in the vial and shook again. Once the contents were well mixed, I inserted the vial into the hole at the top of the digital reader and pressed the button corresponding to the test I was conducting.
This was the same test as the first Luster Leaf kit, but it was more user-friendly, and the color-coding went a long way toward making everything understandable. The digital reader gave me the results via a lit-up button. If the soil had too much of a nutrient, it registered as “surplus,” and lower amounts registered as “sufficient,” “adequate,” “deficient,” or “depleted.”
Unfortunately, the digital tester did not show how low or how high a nutrient might have been, but I was able to look in the booklet and see optimal NPK levels for different plants, grass, and flowers. And, the booklet also offered suggestions on how to amend the soil to raise or lower specific nutrient levels. In addition, an included booklet had suggestions for amending soil and a list of soil preferences for more than 450 plants.
- Type of test: Chemical (digital results)
- Tests for: Nitrogen, phosphorus, potash, and pH
- Result time: Within a few seconds
- Easy-to-follow instructions
- Color-coded for simplicity
- Included is a list of plants and soil needs
- Recommends distilled or filtered water for best results
- Only five capsules per test for nitrogen, phosphorus, and potash
Get the Luster Leaf soil test kit at Amazon, and Walmart.
Hobby farmers and crop growers can receive an expert soil analysis with the Whitetail Institute’s Laboratory Soil Test Kit. Growers also receive a custom consultation and recommendations for improving their soil based on the type of crop that will be grown.
For testing, I once again used the same soil I’d gathered from various spots, blended well, and sent the sample to Whitetail. Of the three mail-in soil kits I tested, Whitetail offered the highest level of customization. When I filled out the form, they asked what I planned to grow in the soil. I chose alfalfa as the crop I wanted to grow, and Whitetail sent specific instructions for amending the soil to make it suitable for growing alfalfa.
The nutrient test results were very close to those I’d obtained from the other labs and Kansas State University, but Whitetail only tested for four nutrients: phosphorus, potassium, calcium, and magnesium. I called my local extension agent and asked why. He said those are the most critical four nutrients for most agricultural crops.
I was able to access my test results in just one week, and a few days later, a paper copy arrived via snail mail. I found that the Whitetail test kit results would be a boon for farmers or hobby farmers who want to create optimal soil conditions for a specific crop.
- Type of test: Professional, mail-in
- Tests for: Calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium
- Result time: Results available by email in one week
- Accurate test results
- Easy-to-follow instructions
- Recommendations customized by the intended crop
- Only four nutrients tested
Get the Whitetail Institute soil test kit on Amazon, and Cabela’s.
For commercial-scale growers, hydroponic growers, or gardeners who want the ultimate in precision pH testing, consider the Bluelab pH pen that provides highly accurate acid/alkaline results. The pen comes with a backlit LCD display and requires a AAA battery for operation. It also features two-point calibration for ensuring accurate pH readings, but the calibration solution is not included.
I had to locate 7.0 and 4.01 pH solutions, and I was able to borrow some of both from the local high school chemistry class, but be aware that if you want to use this pen, you’ll need to buy some of your own.
After calibrating the Bluelab pen, which involves putting it first in one solution and then the other and pushing the calibration button each time, I was able to test the pH and the temperature of the soil of my potted plants. I was surprised at the accuracy of this pen tester as it measured pH to a tenth of a degree and clearly displayed the number on the LED screen. The pH was close to what I’d gotten in other tests, but this seemed to be the most accurate of all the tests. The temperature reading was also handy, and it would be vital for hydroponic growers or commercial growers who needed to maintain a specific growing temperature.
- Type of test: Digital probe
- Tests for: pH and temperature
- Result time: Immediate
- Highly accurate pH testing
- Easy-to-see digital readout
- Developed for commercial growing needs
- Must be calibrated before use with special pH solutions
Get the Bluelab digital soil meter on Amazon.
Kensizer’s soil tester can help eliminate accidental overwatering by letting the user know if the soil is draining adequately. This battery-free tester is always ready to go and features double probes, one for testing pH and the other for testing moisture levels. It also has a light sensor for determining the amount of light that the plant is receiving. When using a meter like this, it’s a good idea to first research the pH, moisture, and light that’s best suited to the plant you’re growing.
While some of the soil tests were relatively complex, nothing could be simpler than measuring the soil’s moisture level, pH, and the amount of light it receives in a specific location. I tested the Kensizer meter in different spots in my garden and flower garden, and felt it was accurate.
A handy three-way switch allowed me to select the specific test, and the results were all on the same analog gauge. The tester’s large dial face and color-coded scale allowed me to quickly see if the moisture, pH, and light readings were within normal ranges for growing healthy plants.
- Type of test: Analog probe
- Tests for: pH level, moisture level, light level
- Result time: Immediate
- Very simple to use
- Can be used an infinite number of times
- Large, easy-to-see dial
- Doesn’t test for nutrients
Get the Kensizer 3-in-1 Soil Tester at Amazon.
Any of the soil tests that earned a spot in this lineup is suitable for helping growers determine the health and nutritional needs of their soil, but our best overall pick, MySoil Soil Test Kit, ticks all the boxes. It allows the user to send in a soil sample and offers professional lab results. Gardeners looking to test their soil without spending a lot of money may want to consider the Atree Soil pH Meter. It accurately registers the soil’s pH level, moisture level, and the amount of light it’s getting—all at an attractive price point.
How We Tested the Soil Test Kits
My goal in testing the soil test kits was to determine how accurate each was, how easy they were to use, and how beneficial the results would be for our readers. The types of soil tests varied widely—from professional tests that required sending a soil sample to a lab to simple pH meters that determined a soil’s acid or alkaline level via a probe.
I extensively researched dozens of soil test kits and products before choosing which ones to test, and I intentionally chose different types of kits because growers have very different needs. To help determine the effectiveness of individual lab tests, I also sent a soil sample to the agricultural department at Kansas State University, where they do high-end soil and plant testing. The results from Kansas State were used as a starting point for comparing the other lab tests and the at-home chemical testing kits.
I awarded points for each kit or product, and at the end of testing, I added the points and used them to help determine the best uses and specific awards for each of the kits that earned a spot in this lineup.
The best soil test kit can help a gardener figure out the most beneficial fertilizers or amendments to add to a garden. Below are answers to some common questions about soil testing kits.
Q. Why do I need to test soil?
If plants are thriving, there’s no need to test the soil. However, if plants seem to wilt, die, or just do poorly, testing the soil could help determine if the problem is due to a structure or nutrient deficiency in the soil.
Q. Can I test my own soil?
Absolutely. Many DIY-type soil testers are available for testing everything from moisture and pH to the amount and type of nutrients in the soil.
Q. Are digital soil testers accurate?
Digital soil testers are usually reasonably accurate. Gardeners can increase accuracy by performing multiple tests in different spots of the garden and comparing the results.
Q. What are the soil-testing methods?
Soil test kits feature pH strips, analog or digital meters, and chemical testing. Professional testing is available by sending soil samples to a lab.
Q. What does a pH test measure?
A pH test measures the acidity and alkalinity levels of the soil.
Q. How do I adjust the pH level of my soil?
Soil treatments are available that will either raise or lower the soil’s pH level, depending on what the gardener is growing. These are often called pH-UP and pH-DOWN products.
Q. Do soil test kits expire?
Kits with pH strips may expire in a few months, especially if they’re not kept in an airtight container. Meters and monitors will not expire. However, if they’re battery operated, they will require new batteries when the old ones run down. Chemical kits are often good for 2 to 5 years.